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Environnement social et compétence bilingue dans la région du Baix Ebre (Tarragona)

Abstract : This thesis is about the universality of conflicts and interactions between languages from primitive societies to more modern nations. The regions of Spain are considerably diverse, as much at the cultural level as in languages spoken. From a linguistic point of view, several languages coexist with Castilian (Spanish), which is the official language of the whole country. Within the autonomous community of Catalonia, the two co-official languages are Catalan and Castilian. Our thesis, entitled Social Environment and Bilingual Skills in the Baix Ebre (Tarragona) Region will attempt to uncover the knowledge of the Catalan language, held by the people of this region. As emphasized by Jean-Marie Klinkenberg, "Romance languages vary according to three axes, which are space, society and time".1 In a bilingual area, such as the region of Baix Ebre, where Catalan and Castilian are both considered the official languages, the two languages become entangled, and the language skills of the inhabitants are upended. We have to admit that languages are not static entities. They change, evolve, grow richer or weaken during the course of history according to events. In a multilingual region, it is interesting to put emphasis on the bilingual skills of the inhabitants. That is why we shall study the influence of the social environment on the language skills of the people of this region, as much in Catalan as in Castilian. For that purpose, it will be necessary to us to take into account the following elements: - The space, by interviewing persons living in three places geographically close to the region but sociologically dissimilar. - The society, through studies of the educational Catalan immersion policy, the familial environment, intergenerational exchanges and linguistic practices. - The time. We note that our study will employ a synchronic analysis of the languages, that is, a description of a language at a certain point in time. This is done while knowing that we are likely to return to a diachronic analysis to explain certain facts that are not explainable in a synchronic way. 1 In Des langues romanes. Introduction aux études de linguistique romane, Bruxelles, Duculot ed., 1994, p. 30.
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Aurélie Saffroy. Environnement social et compétence bilingue dans la région du Baix Ebre (Tarragona). Linguistique. Université Nancy 2, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011NAN21002⟩. ⟨tel-01748810⟩



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