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Homogénéisation automatique de milieux discrets périodiques : applications aux mousses polymères et aux milieux auxétiques

Abstract : The first achievement of this work is to construct a unified and effective continuum equivalent to a lattice of beams, in the elastic domain, using a Bernoulli beam model. An extension has been done to calculate the elastic domain resistance of such lattices and to build an algorithm for monitoring the constitutive law taking into account work hardening. The choice of the asymptotic expansions leads to a classical continuous or to a micropolar elastic continuum. We restrict in this last case our study to lattices with centro-symmetric unit cells. The numerical codes developed provide the stress-strain relationship and the effective mechanical moduli. A wide variety of trusses has been studied, either existing or original, including typical geometries of foams and various auxetic lattices, exhibiting negative contraction coefficients. The results were systematically compared with data from literature and verified by finite element simulations with a good agreement. The homogenization in the plastic range has been limited to stretching dominated lattices. The equilibrium equations of the discrete asymptotic homogenization have been used to automatically obtain the elastic resistance domain for several trusses, and a return-mapping algorithm for the follow up of the stress-strain relationship including hardening has been conceived and implemented in a dedicated code. An isotropic hardening elastoplastic model of the beam has been used. The application of the algorithm to the simulation of a loading-unloading cycle shows a good agreement between the homogenized lattice and finite element simulations
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Francisco dos Reis. Homogénéisation automatique de milieux discrets périodiques : applications aux mousses polymères et aux milieux auxétiques. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010INPL050N⟩. ⟨tel-01748835⟩

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