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Les déterminants de la qualité du processus de reconversion sportive de haut niveau : approche psychodynamique

Abstract : The interest of both media and scientists to the topic of high-level sport's retirement and its difficulties is relatively recent. Thus, if researches multiplied in the last twenty years, in a particularly prosper area, successive attempts of reconversion process' theoretical models met nevertheless the difficulty of sport's retirement specificities and cannot answer certain questions. In such a context, this study is new from the two perspectives: theoretical and methodological. Indeed, referring to theoretical fields of psychoanalysis and psychodynamics, it is the question of psychic mechanisms as a determinant of reconversion's quality which is put into question. Thus, original developed hypothesis will be tested through a comparative study of three clinical cases (succeeded/mitigated/failed reconversion), evaluated from a clinical and projective perspective never used before. The results may conclude to a correlation between psychic mechanisms' quality (mentalization, fantasy space, defensive mechanisms) and reconversion's quality. One more, a second variable appeared out of this study, unexpected: it concerns external support's possibilities and it seems that it can be a distinctive factor of the reconversion's quality, such as a continuum. Nevertheless, these brand new results require to be confirmed, generalized.
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Aurélie Navel Navel - Girard. Les déterminants de la qualité du processus de reconversion sportive de haut niveau : approche psychodynamique. Psychologie. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0005⟩. ⟨tel-01749272⟩



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