Fabrication additive de pièces à base d'alliages métalliques complexes

Abstract : This study aimed at developing new materials for additive manufacturing. We focused on producing parts containing complex metallic alloys (CMA) using a UV laser used for stereolithography. The selected intermetallic is a quasicrystalline alloy dominated by the icosahedral phase in the system AlCuFeB. The raw powders produced by gas atomization were characterized by X-ray diffraction and differential thermal analysis. The powders exhibit good optical absorption properties in the UV-visible range allowing direct laser sintering as evidenced by the formation of bridges between the grains at a temperature of about 820°C. In a second step, we have considered the manufacturing of parts made of a suspension of CMA powders in a binder. We have studied the wetting properties of the particles AlCuFeB and optimized a mixture consisting of an epoxy resin filled with 20 % vol. of CMA particles. The optical absorption of the suspension in the UV range was sufficient to produce composite parts by stereolithography. The particle size used was smaller than 25 micrometers. We have managed to make parts reaching 14 mm in height by adding layers with a thickness of 50 microns. Using test samples, we have characterized the hardness and the tribological properties of this new composite material. The hardness of the parts produced by stereolithography is larger than that of epoxy parts and reaches 88 Shore D. We have also shown a 30 % reduction of the friction coefficient as well as a 40 % reduction of wear losses compared to the epoxy matrix. These properties make attractive this new composite material for stereolithography applications
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01749334
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Adnene Sakly. Fabrication additive de pièces à base d'alliages métalliques complexes. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0008⟩. ⟨tel-01749334⟩

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