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Lipémie postprandiale et lactoferrine : le Lipolysis Stimulated Receptor comme cible potentielle

Abstract : Postprandial lipemia is characterized by an increase in plasma triglyceride-rich lipoproteins after the ingestion of meal, and is important towards determining the bioavailability of dietary lipids amongst the peripheral tissues. Indeed, elevated postprandial lipemia is often observed with obesity and dyslipidemia, two disorders that can lead to health complications including diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Lactoferrin (Lf), has been shown to inhibit hepatic chylomicron remnant removal, resulting in increased postprandial lipemia, for which the molecular mechanisms remain unclear. The lipolysis stimulated lipoprotein receptor (LSR) has been shown to contribute to the removal of triglycerides-rich lipoproteins during the postprandial phase. The aim was to determine if there was interaction between Lf and LSR. Both Lf and LSR were purified with purities upper to 95% and characterized. Cell culture studies demonstrated that while Lf does not have any significant effect on LSR protein levels in mouse Hepa1-6 cells, it co-localizes with LSR in cells, but only in the presence of oleate, which is needed to obtain LSR in its active form. Ligand blotting using purified LSR revealed that Lf binds directly to the receptor in the presence of oleate and prevents the binding of triglycerides-rich lipoproteins. Both C- and N-lobes of Lf, and a mixture of peptides derived from its tryptic and chymotryptic double hydrolysis retained the ability to bind LSR. We propose that the elevated postprandial lipemia observed upon Lf treatment in vivo is mediated by its direct interaction with LSR, thus preventing clearance of chylomicrons and their remnants through the LSR pathway
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01749366
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  • HAL Id : tel-01749366, version 1

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Nazir Ahmad. Lipémie postprandiale et lactoferrine : le Lipolysis Stimulated Receptor comme cible potentielle. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0167⟩. ⟨tel-01749366⟩

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