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Les guérisseurs-désenvoûteurs en Lorraine contemporaine : enquête sur des rituels magico-thérapeutiques

Abstract : This research deals with the social and therapeutic role of the healers in Lorraine (France). A six-year investigation for six years has allowed the collection of qualitative facts through several interviews with healers, sorcerers, witch doctor and their patients. A number of observations in the field have shown the diversity and complexity of therapeutic and magic rituals. Research conduced in museum and libraries along with fieldwork have been combined. This thesis tries to define skills, talents and the training and qualities of healers who claim to have knowledge of bodily troubles and sicknesses; and how they apply them in "traditional" rituals. Healers have neither degree nor recognition in official medicine; they have acquired their gift from their birth or during a transmission process. Healer's rituals are highly varied but know-how and techniques are often borrowed from Christianity. They use prayers, substances, objects, religious symbols, holy gestures such as signs of the cross or laying on of hands. The therapeutic and mechanic magical rituals may integrate healing or magic plants, minerals, talismans, etc. Generally, they depend on the good use of the "force" which is at the heart of rituals. The last part of the thesis is about witchcraft, sorcery and their agents: the healer, the exorcist-priest and the victim on one hand, and their opponents on the other: the witches, wizards, spirits, demons and the Devil. Sorcery and witchcraft is still a method used to understand tragedy, misfortune and sickness if it's studied from therapeutic routes of the patients.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 12:14:34 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 2, 2022 - 10:50:39 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01749374, version 1



Déborah Kessler-Bilthauer. Les guérisseurs-désenvoûteurs en Lorraine contemporaine : enquête sur des rituels magico-thérapeutiques. Sociologie. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0349⟩. ⟨tel-01749374⟩



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