Mise en place d'une mesure quantitative du T1 en IRM cardiaque

Abstract : T1 mapping is a useful quantitative MR technique for cardiac tissue characterization. Several studies have shown that T1 measurements are correlated with fibrosis, which is observed in cardiac diseases such as cardiomyopathy or myocardial infarction. However, cardiac T1 mapping remains challenging, mainly because of long acquisition times and interference from cardiac and respiratory motions. T1 quantification on the human myocardium is generally performed on breath-hold with 2D specific sequences. Unfortunately these sequences are scanner specific and poorly available for clinical use. To overcome these limitations, we propose a new method based on a 3D clinical sequence. This technique, using a variable flip angle approach that integrates B1 correction, was adapted in cardiac imaging. Phantom tests were used to select the optimal parameters and to show the method reproducibility. Then, the method was validated with a volunteer study using double synchronization (cardiac and respiratory). Moreover, a reconstruction method integrating physiological signals of motion was also used to perform T1 quantification in free breathing and to reduce the total acquisition time. The myocardial T1 values on volunteers ranged between 1289 ± 66 ms and 1376 ± 43 ms, which was in good agreement with previously published works. These studies allow the use of T1 mapping in patients with better characterization of pathologies and a better adaptation to therapeutic strategies
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Hélène Poinsignon-Clique. Mise en place d'une mesure quantitative du T1 en IRM cardiaque. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0363⟩. ⟨tel-01749576⟩

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