Étude de la transférabilité des interventions de promotion de la santé dans une perspective de promotion des démarches "evidence based health promotion" : développement d'un outil d'analyse de la transférabilité des interventions

Abstract : Context: Health promotion interventions influence all health determinants and contribute to reduce social inequities in health. So, interventions in this field are considered complex, both to implement, to evaluate and consequently to transfer in another setting. That is why, it is difficult to develop, in France, evidence-based health promotion and, consequently, to transfer health promotion intervention experimented in another setting. Transferability, that is the extent to which the result of one intervention in a given setting can be achieved in another setting, becomes an important subject to study. Objective: The objectives were: (1) to define the concept of transferability in health promotion; (2) to develop a tool to analyze transferability and to support the adaptation of health promotion interventions to new setting. Methods: We implemented a project named, EVATRAPS (EVAluation of TRAnsferabilty of health Promotion interventionS). The project developed in two steps. The first step was an review of international literature intended to define factors that influence transferability and tools and criteria available to assess transferability. The second step used a concept mapping method that allowed to a group of experts, to generate a list of ideas associated with a concept, to group them statistically into categories and to score them for their relevance. From the final list of criteria thus structured, a tool to analyze transferability was created. This tool was subsequently tested by stakeholders and experts. Results: After testing, a tool, named ASTAIRE (for ASsessment of Transferability and Adaptation of health promotion InteRvEntions), contained 23 criteria structured into four categories. It consists of two grids?one for reporting data from primary interventions and one for analyzing transferability of intervention and supporting their adaptation to the new setting. Discussion: This project contributed to develop perspectives to facilitate the transfer of health promotion interventions, leverage evidence-based practices and more globally develop a knowledge transfer system in France. Finally, we have suggested reflexions about research methodologies in health promotion in order that they take into account of complexity of health promotion intervention, notably in evidence based practices perspective
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Linda Cambon. Étude de la transférabilité des interventions de promotion de la santé dans une perspective de promotion des démarches "evidence based health promotion" : développement d'un outil d'analyse de la transférabilité des interventions. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0276⟩. ⟨tel-01749646⟩

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