Modèles bayésiens pour la détection de synchronisations au sein de signaux électro-corticaux

Abstract : This thesis promotes new methods to analyze intracranial cerebral signals (local field potentials), which overcome limitations of the standard time-frequency method of event-related spectral perturbations analysis: averaging over the trials and relying on the activity in the pre-stimulus period. The first proposed method is based on the detection of sub-networks of electrodes whose activity presents cooccurring synchronisations at a same point of the time-frequency plan, using bayesian gaussian mixture models. The relevant sub-networks are validated with a stability measure computed over the results obtained from different trials. For the second proposed method, the fact that a white noise in the temporal domain is transformed into a rician noise in the amplitude domain of a time-frequency transform made possible the development of a segmentation of the signal in each frequency band of each trial into two possible levels, a high one and a low one, using bayesian rician mixture models with two components. From these two levels, a statistical analysis can detect time-frequency regions more or less active. To develop the bayesian rician mixture model, new algorithms of variational bayesian inference have been created for the Rice distribution and the rician mixture distribution. Performances of the new methods have been evaluated on artificial data and experimental data recorded on monkeys. It appears that the new methods generate less false positive results and are more robust to a lack of data in the pre-stimulus period
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Maxime Rio. Modèles bayésiens pour la détection de synchronisations au sein de signaux électro-corticaux. Autre [cs.OH]. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0090⟩. ⟨tel-01749865⟩



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