Propriétés électrostatiques, mécaniques et chémodynamiques de (bio)interphases molles : Analyses en régime d'équilibre et transitoire

Abstract : In natural media, the solid matter is mainly present as soft (bio)particles (bacteria, viruses, humic acids) which are permeable toward ions and hydric fluxes. These (bio)particles are unceasingly exposed to electrical/mechanical perturbations, so that the physicochemical properties of (bio)interphases, developed by (bio)particles with the medium, evolve continuously. (Bio)interphases are thus not necessarily at equilibrium during interfacial processes e.g. electrostatic interactions, complexation with metallic contaminants. Under such a context, we evaluated theoretically at equilibrium the electrostatic interaction energy between soft multilayered (bio)particles with arbitrary sizes and charge densities. We then determined the impact of non- equilibrium electric properties of soft ligand polymeric (bio)films on their ability to form complexes with metals. The aim of the last theoretical model developed here is to analyze the dynamics of multilayered heterogeneous (bio)interphases in both equilibrium and non-equilibrium regimes. Finally we analyzed at equilibrium, by coupling AFM and microelectrophoresis measurements, mechanical and electrical properties of bacterial strains Escherichia coli that specifically express (or not) different surface structures (pili, fimbriae, adhesin Ag43). All these studies highlighted the necessity to integrate for the analysis of (bio)particles reactivity with their surrounding medium (i) a close representation of soft (bio)particles (mechanical and hydrodynamic softness, spatial heterogeneity of the soft material) and (ii) the impact of spatiotemporal dynamics of (bio)interphases on the processes governing their reactivity
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Jenny Merlin. Propriétés électrostatiques, mécaniques et chémodynamiques de (bio)interphases molles : Analyses en régime d'équilibre et transitoire. Sciences de la Terre. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0295⟩. ⟨tel-01749891⟩

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