Simulation du soudage par friction et malaxage à l'aide de méthodes sans maillage

Abstract : Friction stir welding is a recent process that has been developed by the British Welding Institute TWI "The Welding Institute" since 1990s. This process, generally used in aerospace, does not need additional material and allows mainly joining plates of aluminum alloys which are difficult to weld by the classical welding processes. It consists in mixing the base material using a tool comprising a pin and a shoulder which heats the plates to be welded by friction. The modeling of this process is very complex since it involves the coupling between mechanical, thermal and metallurgical phenomena. The mixing in welding process FSW is difficult to simulate using finite element method in lagrangian framework since the area near the welding tool is submitted to large deformations. So remeshing procedure is often required. However, remeshing can be very expensive and difficult to perform for three-dimensional problems. Moreover, after remeshing step, it is necessary to interpolate the fields (velocities, constraints ...) corresponding to the current solution, which may lead to additional errors in the calculation (called numerical diffusion). We propose in this work models based on meshless methods called "Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics SPH" and Moving Least Square method for the simulation of this welding process. These models are formulated in lagrangian framework and use the strong form of partial differential equations. The first model based on SPH considers the welding zone as a weakly compressible non-newtonian fluid and whose viscosity depends on the temperature. This model is proposed for the numerical simulation of thermo-mechanical behavior of a welded material by FSW process. The second model is a first order implicit iterative algorithm proposed to simulate material mixing in the case a visco-plastic behavior using the MLS method and the collocation technique. The third model is a high order implicit algorithm based on the coupling of MLS method and Asymptotic Numerical Method (ANM). This algorithm allows reducing the computation time by comparison with the first order implicit iterative algorithm. The validation of these three proposed models was done by the industrial code Fluent
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Abdelaziz Timesli. Simulation du soudage par friction et malaxage à l'aide de méthodes sans maillage. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0111⟩. ⟨tel-01750099⟩

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