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Theses

Pour un renouvellement de la notion d'action en justice

Abstract : Legal proceedings are the actions originating from a person who has locus stand and capacity to take part in the proceedings, aimed at bringing the case before a judge so that he or she may decide whether or not the claim is well-founded. The study of each of its constituent elements shows many inadequacies. The presence of the judge gives rise to many questions and weakens the legal proceedings. Indeed, only proceedings brought before a state jurisdiction are classified as legal proceedings and benefit from procedural guarantees. Under the term "fair trial", impartiality, independence, objections, publicity are essential guarantees for fair justice but which can only be found before state jurisdictions.The diversification of the methods of conflict resolution must appear in the renewed vision of the legal proceedings. And, if the guarantees of the fair trial are developed before state jurisdictions, an enduring process may emerge before the independent administrative authorities, arbitration and the alternative dispute resolution. Those subject to the jurisdiction of the courts will be able to choose the method which will best suit them and no longer according to the guarantees offered.
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Stéphanie Mélis-Maas. Pour un renouvellement de la notion d'action en justice. Droit. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2004. Français. ⟨NNT : 2004METZ003D⟩. ⟨tel-01750198⟩

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