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Caractérisation de nouveaux borates pour le doublage de fréquence aux longueurs d'ondes VUV: endommagement optique

Abstract : The purpose of my thesis, performed within the program of the ANR UV-Borate, was integrated in the UV-Conversion project certified by 2 poles of competitiveness (Matériala - Lorraine - and Route des lasers - Aquitaine -). The project concerned the study of borates YxLaySc4-(x+y)(BO3)4 (LYSB) and YAl3(BO3)4 (YAB), Non-Linear Optical (NLO) crystals which have the same crystallographic structure (R32). The growth of the crystals was realized by industrials and academics collaborators of the ANR. Those two materials present possibilities of frequency conversion until wavelengths [lambda] < 300 nm. Because they are not hygroscopic, they have a bigger time life compare to other materials which offer a most important interest for the industrial applications. We have studied the quality and the homogeneity of our crystals. Indeed, the use of strong optical beam can lead to damages on the crystal and degrade the properties of the materials which are related to the absorption and to impurities of the crystals. Our results allowed to related defaults in the structure (dislocations and etch pits) to the growth of the rhombohedral crystal system by using characterization techniques as the "Photography Schlieren" or optical microscopy (before which a "Chemical Etching" was performed) or by using SEM and AFM. In the fridge of the previous work, theoretical and experimental phase matching studies (determination of [theta] and [phi]) during conversions of frequency of type I were realized on the YAB and LYSB crystals and on the reference crystals such as ß-BaB2O4 (ß-BBO). The aspect of optical damage was investigated at the Institut Fresnel of Marseille in the team Intéraction Laser Matière (ILM). The team has developed a device to measure the Laser Induced Damage (LID) probability and to measure of the Laser Induced Damage Threshold (LIDT) of optical materials. Laser-Induced-Damages studies in NLO materials were also realized on Li2B4O7 (LTB) samples. A strong effort was performed in the design of a device for the measurement of the optical transmission and the absorption at room temperature and low temperatures to reveal absorbent defaults. First state-of-art results were obtained and discussed for ß-BBO and LYSB samples
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Mourad Bourezzou. Caractérisation de nouveaux borates pour le doublage de fréquence aux longueurs d'ondes VUV: endommagement optique. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0330⟩. ⟨tel-01750730⟩

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