Étude du devenir de l'azote dérivé des litières dans le sol et dans l'arbre sur le moyen terme dans les forêts de hêtres par traçage isotopique et modélisation

Abstract : Nitrogen ( N) is an essential element for plants but is limited in most forest ecosystems. The main source of N for trees comes from the decomposition of litter. The fate of litter N on the long term (ten years) in beech forest was followed using one cohort of litter enriched in nitrogen-15 (15N) in ten sites in Europe. 15N in the soil profile showed a low incorporation of litter-derived N deeper than 10 cm. Leaf 15N dynamics illustrate the litter N availability and then its stabilization in the soil aggregates. The use of litter derived N in the tree depends on the needs of N by trees but also on the type of humus. At moder humus sites, trees are able to mine the litter-derived N directly from the organic horizon. Approximately 25 % of the total N requirement of the trees are covered by the N reallocation, and 75 % comes from soil N uptake.
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Jade Salleles. Étude du devenir de l'azote dérivé des litières dans le sol et dans l'arbre sur le moyen terme dans les forêts de hêtres par traçage isotopique et modélisation. Sciences agricoles. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0068⟩. ⟨tel-01750790⟩

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