Le Roman de moeurs dans la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle en Europe (1869-1906) : eessai de définition d'un genre problématique (Alphonse Daudet, Theodor Fontane, Armando Palacio Valdés et Anthony Trollope)

Abstract : The expression "novel of manners" seems, a priori, vague and dated. The purpose of this present research is to define the novel of manners as a form of literary genre. Using a corpus of seven european novels from the second half of the nineteenth century (Trollope, Daudet, Fontane and Palacio Valdés) as a starting point, this thesis situates the novel of manners, with regard to its apprehension of reality, into historical, sociological, and structuralist contexts. From an ideological point of view, the novel of manners offers us a picture of a seemingly familiar world. A historical chronicle of contemporary times, it is a genre that is only partially realist. Impressionistic in his style the novelist recounts the manners inspired by the morals of the eighteenth century. He reinvigorates literary tropes and integrates them into scenes of genre, creating typical tableaux of the social comedy. The premise displays a certain didacticism but it does not rise to the level of the dogmatism of the roman à thèse. The genre's representation of proper society distances the novel of manners from the naturalist novel. In the end, the question presented is of the possible decontextualization of the very essence that elevates the novel of manners to the status of a genre. In other words, can we speak of the novel of manners as an enduring genre ? Upon an analysis of this aesthetic of compromise, the thesis concludes that the response is in part affirmative.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_2005_0010_HIRCHWALD_1.pdf
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Gabrielle Hirchwald. Le Roman de moeurs dans la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle en Europe (1869-1906) : eessai de définition d'un genre problématique (Alphonse Daudet, Theodor Fontane, Armando Palacio Valdés et Anthony Trollope). Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 2005. Français. ⟨NNT : 2005NAN21010⟩. ⟨tel-01750855⟩

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