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Study on phase stability, structural and magnetic properties of Ni-Mn-Ga ferromagnetic shape memory alloys by ab initio calculations

Abstract : Ni-Mn-Ga ferromagnetic shape memory alloys (FSMAs) with chemical composition close to Ni2MnGa have received great attention due to their giant magnetic shape memory effect and fast dynamic response. In this work, a series of first–principles calculations have been performed within the framework of the Density Functional Theory (DFT) using the Vienna Ab initio Software Package (VASP). For the stoichiometric Ni2MnGa ferromagnetic shape memory alloy, the oscillation of Ni magnetic moment that depends on the atomic shuffling in the superstructure dominates the distribution of the total magnetic moment per Ni2MnGa unit. The structure change-associated total magnetic moment has been found to increase for Ni2MnGa unit from the cubic austenite to the tetragonal NM martensite through the monoclinic modulated martensites. For the off-stoichiometric Ni2MnGa ferromagnetic shape memory alloys, Ni-doping stabilizes the non-modulated martensite (NM) with simple tetragonal crystal structure, whereas proper Mn-doping stabilizes the seven-layered modulated (7M) martensite with monoclinic structure. Martensitic transformation experiences much larger driving force than that of the intermartensitic transformation. Moreover, the total magnetic moment of the three series of alloys is mainly dominated by their Mn content with little phase state dependence. The average Ni and Mn moments display both composition and phase state dependences. The perturbation of the magnetic moments by atom substitution is mainly located in the antisite and its close neighbors. It is mainly dominated by their Mn environment (distance and number). Insights into fundamental aspects such as phase stability and magnetic properties in Ni-Mn-Ga FSMAs are of great significance to improve the functional performances and to design new promising FSMAs
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 12:56:36 PM
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Nan Xu. Study on phase stability, structural and magnetic properties of Ni-Mn-Ga ferromagnetic shape memory alloys by ab initio calculations. Other. Université de Lorraine, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0106⟩. ⟨tel-01750862⟩



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