A. B. Saeb-s, -Constitutive models of rocks joints, Proc. Int. Symp. Rock Joints, pp.581-594, 1990.

A. B. Saeb-s, Modelling rock joints under shear and normal loading, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanics Abstracts, vol.29, issue.3, pp.267-278, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0148-9062(92)93660-C

A. G. Fortin-m, G. O. , and A. M. Ladanyi-b, -Experimental investigations for an algorithm simulating the effectof variable normal stiffness on discontinuities shear strength, Proc. Int. Symp. Rock Joints, pp.141-148, 1990.

A. G. , G. S. , R. J. , and F. R. Sirieix-c, -A re-evaluation of irregular joint shear behaviour on the basis of 3D modelling of their morphology : Joint mechanical shear behaviour and modelling, Proc. MJFR, Rossmanith, pp.163-168, 1995.

A. G. Flammang-r and R. J. , -Joint shear behaviour revised on de basis ofmorphology 3D modelling and shear displacement, Rocks Mech, pp.1223-1230, 1996.

A. Viles, C. A. Scholz-c, and . J. Boa, Fractal analysis applied to characteristic segments of the San Andreas Fault, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.XIII, issue.B1, pp.331-334, 1987.
DOI : 10.1029/GM037p0157

A. 6. , S. Y. And, and . Kawamoto-t, -The anisotropy ofsurfacemorphology characteristicsof rock discontinuities, Rock Mech. & Rock Engng, vol.29, issue.1, pp.47-59, 1996.

B. , S. E. Lumsden, A. C. Barton, and N. R. , -Experimental studies ofscale effectson the schear behavior of rock joints, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sei. and Geomech. Abstr, vol.18, pp.1-21, 1981.

B. S. Lumsden-a and . R. Barton-n, -Fundamentals of rock joint deformation, Int. J Rock Mech. Min. Sei. & Geomech. Abstr, vol.20, pp.6-249, 1983.

B. S. , B. N. R&, and S. M. Christian, -Application of the new numerical model of joint behaviour to rock mechanics problems, Norwegian Geotechnical Institute, vol.164, pp.1-11, 1986.

B. H. , P. J. , and C. C. Asof-m, -Utilization ofblock generatorRESOBLOCK to complex geologic conditions in an open pit mine. Int, Conf on Mechanics of j ointed and Fau/ted Rock, pp.18-20, 1990.

B. , N. R. Choubey, and V. , -The shear strength of rock joints in theory and practice, Rock Mech, vol.10, pp.1-54, 1977.

B. T. and H. F. Souley-m, Comportement mécanique des discontinuités: application à un bouchon de fermeture en tête de puits, CE.A, 1995.

B. T. Sabbadini-s and S. Homand-f, -Analyse spatiale géostatistique et fractale de la rugosité des joints rocheux avant et après cisaillement, Résumé, 15e Réunion des Sciences de la Terre, pp.26-28, 1994.

B. T. Homand-f, -Étude morphologique des surfaces de granite de Lanhelin sablées et bouchardées, Rapport Interne, p.20, 1994.

B. T. Homand-f, -Étude du comportement mécanique en compression simple du granite de Lanhelin poli, sablé et bouchardé, Rapport Interne, p.30, 1994.

B. T. and H. F. Souley-m, -Analyse fractale de l'évolution de la morphologie des joints rocheux au cours du cisaillement, Récents Progrès en Génie des Procédés, N°.50, pp.173-178, 1997.

B. T. Homand- and E. F. Souley-m, Fractal analysis of shear joint roughness, Int. J Rock Mech. & Min. Sei, vol.34, issue.130, pp.3-4, 1997.

B. Z. and B. L. Feuga-b, -Comportement de la fracturerocheuse en cisaillement. Rock at Great Depth, pp.433-439, 1989.

B. Z. Boulon-m and . Billaux-d, -Experimental and numerical investigation on rock joints. Rock Joints, pp.171-178, 1990.

B. R. , W. W. Scholz-c, . N. Boitnott-g, and . Yoshioka-n, Micromechanics ofrock friction. 1. Effects of surface roughness on initial friction and slip hardening in Westerly Granite, J. Geophys. Res, vol.97, issue.B6, pp.8951-8964, 1992.

B. G. Biegel-r, Y. H. Scholz-c, and . Wang-w, -Micromechanics of rock friction 2 : Quantitative modeling ofinitial friction with contact theory, J. Geophys. Res, vol.97, pp.6-8965, 1992.

B. E. and L. G. Planès-j, -Fractal dimension offractured surfaces: a universal value?, Europhys. Lett, vol.13, pp.73-79, 1990.

B. J. Bouchaud-e, S. G. Lapas, and . Planès-j, -Models of fractal dimension offractured surfaces: a universal value? -Phys, Rev. Lett, 1993.

B. S. Scholz-c, -The cIosure ofrandom elastic surfaces in contact, J. Geophys. Res, vol.90, pp.5531-5545, 1985.

B. S. Scholz and C. H. , -Broad bandwidth study of the topography of natural rock surfaces, J. Geophys. Res, vol.90, pp.12575-12582, 1985.

B. S. Scholz-c, -Closure of rock joints, J. Geophys. Res, vol.91, pp.4939-4948, 1986.

C. M. Chermant-j, -Recent developments in quantitative fractography, lnternational Metals Reviews, N°, vol.28, issue.46, 1983.

T. R. Cruden-d, -Estimating joint roughness coefficients, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sei. Geomech. Abstr, vol.16, pp.303-307, 1986.

C. P. Lemos, -Numerical Simulation of fauIt instabilities with the continuously yielding joint model, 2nd u.s. Int. Symp. on Rock-bursts and seismicity in Mines, 1988.

D. C. Fishman-k, -Plasticity-based constitutive model with associated testing for joints, Jnt. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sei. and Geomech. Abstr, vol.28, pp.15-26, 1991.

E. Soudani and S. M. , -Profilometric analysis offractures. Metallography, Il, pp.247-336, 1978.

F. Airhurst and G. , On the validity of the ???Brazilian??? test for brittle materials, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanics Abstracts, vol.1, issue.4, pp.535-546, 1964.
DOI : 10.1016/0148-9062(64)90060-9

F. R. Archambault-g, G. S. , and R. J. Rouleaux-a, -An experimental study of the shear behaviour of irregular based on angularies and progressive degradation of the surfaces, Proc. 47th Canadian Geotrech. Conf of the C. G.s, pp.253-262, 1994.

F. P. Rogon-t, -Anisotropy in pore networks analyzed with 2-D autocorrelation (VARIOMAPS), Computers & Geosciences, vol.19, pp.7-887, 1993.

G. L. Malinverno-a, -A characterization of the spectral density of residual ocean floor topography, Geophys. Res. LeU, vol.15, pp.1401-1404, 1988.

G. R. Shi-g, -Block theory and its application to rock engineering, 1985.

H. F. Barbour-t, -New model for rock joints and interfaces,ASCE 1, Geotech. Eng, vol.108, pp.757-776, 1982.

H. F. Belem-t, S. A. Sabbadini-s, and . Royer, -Analysis of the evolution ofrock joints morphology with 2D autocorrelation (variomaps), Proc. 7th Int. Conf on Appl. Stat. & Proba, pp.1229-1236, 1995.

H. S. and O. S. Speck-r, -Applicability of fractal characterization and modelling to rock joint profiles, Int. 1. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. and Geomech. Abstr, vol.29, pp.89-98, 1992.

J. L. Nord and L. E. Stephansson-o, -An experimental study on the anisotropy and stressdependency of the strength and deformability of rock joints, Int. 1. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. and Geomech. Abstr, vol.29, pp.535-542, 1992.

K. D. and F. D. Hsiung-s, -Interlock/friction model for dynamic shear response in natural jointed rock, Int. J Rock Mech. Min. Sei. and Geomech. Abstr, pp.371-386, 1996.

K. P. Shou-g, . H. Huang-t, and . M. Morgan-r, -New peak shear strength criteria for anisotropie rock joints, Int. J Rock Mech. Min. Sei. and Geomech. Abstr, vol.32, issue.7, pp.673-697, 1995.

K. H. Nishida-k and . Suzuki-t, -Shear behaviour of joint roughness with two types of asperities, Eurock '96, pp.127-134, 1996.

L. B. Archambault-g, -Simulation of the shear behaviour ofa jointed rock mass, Proc. IItht Symp. on Rock Mech, pp.105-125, 1969.

L. D. and J. H. Shah-s, -Relationship between fracture surface roughness and fracture behaviour of cement paste and mortar, J Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.3, pp.589-597, 1993.

L. Y. , C. J. , and B. D. Hass-c, -The fractal dimension as a measure of the roughness of rock discontinuity profile, Int. J Rock Mech. Min. Sei. and Geomech. Abstr, vol.27, pp.453-464, 1990.

L. E. Randolph-m, -A model for rock interfacial behaviour, 1991.

L. M. Dieterich-j, -Effectsofvariable normal stress on rock friction: Observations and constitutive equations, J Geophys. Res, vol.97, pp.4-4923, 1992.

W. P. Mc and K. J. Miller-s, -Fractal characterization of rock fracture roughness for estimating shear strength, pp.331-336, 1990.

M. R. Deresiewicz-h, -Elastic spheres in contact under varying oblique forces, J Appl. Mech, vol.20, pp.327-344, 1953.

O. Y. Dharmara-tnee-p, -Shear behaviour of physical models of rock joints under constant normal stiffness conditions, Proc. Int. Symp. Rock Joints, pp.267-273, 1990.

P. N. De-g, -A constitutive model of rock joints, Proc. Int. Symp. on Fundamentals of Rock Joints, Bjo rklidenMorphologie et omportement mécanique des discontinuités rocheuses, pp.429-439, 1985.

P. Tion and F. D. , -Multiple modes of shear failure in rock, Proc. 1 st. Congr, pp.509-513, 1966.

Q. X. , P. M. Huang-x, and . C. Haimson-b, -An investigation of the mechanics of rock joints - Part. II. Analytical investigation, Int. J Rock Mech. Min. Sei. and Geomech. Abstr, vol.30, issue.3, pp.271-287, 1993.

R. and .. R. Ruina-a, -Stability of steady frictional slipping, J Appt. Mech, vol.50, pp.343-349, 1983.

&. S. Gentier, -Spherical distribution of fracture surface elements from linear and/or planar roughness, Acta. Stereol, vol.6, pp.877-882, 1987.

R. J. Gentier-s, -Angularity ofa natural fracture, pp.399-406, 1990.

R. 1. , G. S. Archambault-g, F. R. Sirielx, and C. , -Irregularjoint shear behavior on the basis of 3D modelling of their morphology : Morphology description and 3D modelling, Proc. MJFR, Rossmanith, pp.157-162, 1995.

R. 1. , G. S. Sirieix-c, . Archambault-g, and . Flamand-r, -Degradation characterization of sheared joint wall surface morphology, pp.1343-1349, 1996.

S. S. Belem-t and . Homand-f, -Evaluation de la morphologie de discontinuités anisotropes soumises à des essais de cisaillement. Rapport interne, p.106, 1994.

S. S. Belem-t and . Homand-f, -Rôle de la morphologie de surfaces des discontinuités en comportement de cisaillement. 4ème Colloque Franco-Polonais, pp.16-17, 1993.

S. S. Homand- and E. F. Belem-t, -Fractal and geostatistical analysis of rock joints roughness before and after shear tests, Proc. 2nd Int Conf on Mech. of Jointed & Fau/ted Rocks, pp.535-541, 1995.

S. S. Amadei-b, -Finite element implentation of a new model for rock joints, Proc. Int. Symp. Rock Joints, pp.707-712, 1990.

S. S. Amadei-b, -Modelling joint response under constant or variable normal stiffnes boundary conditions, Int. J Rock Mech. Min. & Geomech. Abstr, pp.213-217, 1990.

S. M. Références-bibliographiques, B. Nakos, and . Mitsakaki-c, -On the fractalcharacterofrock surfaces, Int. J Rock Mech. Min. and Geomech. A bstr, vol.28, pp.527-533, 1991.

G. S. Schmittbuhl-l and . Roux-s, Field measurements of the roughness of fault surfaces, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.126, issue.8, pp.8-639, 1993.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00879010

S. F. Schmittbuhl-l and . Scholz-c, Scaling invariance of crack surfaces, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.94, issue.3, pp.5953-5973, 1995.
DOI : 10.1029/JB094iB08p10267

S. R. And and W. H. , -The derivation ofangular distribution of planes by sectioning methods, Transactions of Metallurgical of Sime, vol.233, pp.1593-1602, 1965.

S. W. and P. R. Smith-d, -Robust description of statistically heterogeneous seafloor topography through its slope distribution, J of Geophys. Res, vol.95, pp.6-8705, 1990.

S. C. Bandis-s and . Demiris-ca, -Expérimental studies and modelling of rock joint behavior under constant stiffness, 1990.

S. M. Homand-f, Étude bibliographique des différentes lois de comportement des joints rocheux, p.81, 1991.

S. M. Homand-f, -Une nouvelle loi de comportement mécanique des joints rocheux soumis à des sollicitations avec changement de direction. Actes du ]2e Congrès Français de Mécanique, pp.197-200, 1995.

S. M. Homand-f, -Stability ofjointed rock masses valuated by UDEC with an extended Saeb- Amadei constitutive law, Int. J Rock Mech. Min. Sci. and Geomech. Abstr, vol.33, issue.3, pp.233-244, 1996.

S. Ky and R. M. Hannan-s, -A new theory for the static contact between rough, unmated surfaces in non-elastically deforming rock and its implications for rock friction, J. of struct. Geo, issue.4, pp.787-798, 1989.

S. Z. Stephansson-o, -Rock joint compliance tests for compression and shear loads, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sei. and Geomech. Abstr, vol.22, issue.4, pp.197-213, 1985.

S. G. Zongqi-s, -Prediction of shear behaviour of joints using profiles, Rocks Mech. and Rocks Eng, vol.18, pp.183-212, 1985.

T. C. and K. K. Fuji, -The experimental study on the shear behaviour ofnatural rock joint in consideration of joint roughness, pp.1619-1625, 1996.

T. S. Goodier, -Theory of elasticity, 1951.

T. Y. Witherspoon-p, -The dependanceof fracturemechanical and fluid flow properties on fracture roughness and sample size, J. ofGeophys. Res, vol.88, pp.3-2359, 1983.

T. N. , G. M. , and D. W. Amin-f, -Characterization of rock joint surfaces by fractal dimension, Proc. 28th u.s. Symposium on Rock Mechanics, pp.1223-1236, 1987.

U. E. Banerji-k, -Statistical analysis offacetcharacteristics in a computer simulated fracture surface, Proc. 6th Int, pp.75-80, 1983.

W. J. Narasimhan-t and . H. Scholz-c, -Aperture correlation of a fractal fracture, J. Geophys. Res, vol.93, pp.3-2216, 1988.

W. W. Scholz-c, -Wear processes during frictional sliding of rock : A theoretical and experimental study, J Phys. Earth, vol.34, pp.335-355, 1994.

W. W. and &. Scholz-c-h, -Micromechanics of rock friction: 3. Quantitative modeling ofbase friction, J Geophys. Res, vol.100, pp.4243-4247, 1995.

W. R. Acharl, G. Schacter-r, and J. R. Mclellan-p, -Effectofdrilling fluids on shear strength properties of Femie shales, pp.973-979, 1996.

W. 1. , A. B. Sture-s, R. A. Prlce, and R. , -Effectson boundary conditions on the strength and deformability of replicas of natural fractures in Welded Tuff: Data report, 1994.

W. K. Karlsson-b, -Topographie quantification of non-planar localized surfaces, J of Microscopy, vol.130, pp.37-51, 1983.

Y. K. Amada, T. N. , and K. J. Naoi-t, -Surface density of asperities and real description of asperity heights on rubbed surfaces, Wear, pp.47-52, 1978.

Y. K. and T. N. Naoi-t, -Mechanisms ofelastic contact and friction between rough surfaces, Wear, vol.48, pp.15-34, 1978.

Y. R. Yamabe-t, -Joints stiffness and deformation behaviour of discontinuous rock, Int. J Rock Mech. Min. Sei. & Geomech. Abstr, vol.23, pp.19-28, 1986.

Y. N. Sc-holz-c, -Elastic properties ofcontacting surfaces un der normal and shear loads, 1, Theory, J Geophys. Res, vol.94, pp.17681-17690, 1989.

Y. N. Scholz-c, Elastic properties ofcontacting surfacesunder normal and shear loads, 2, comparison of theory with experiment, J Geophys. Res, vol.94, pp.17691-17700, 1989.