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Amélioration de la conductivité thermique des résines époxy par incorporation de charges conductrices

Abstract : Aerospace and Aeronautics applications require more and more high-performance technology. More specifically, in some advanced materials such as radiator panels in satellites, the heat dissipation is a real concern for engineers, in order to avoid any premature degradation or any other negative behavior of the material. Hence, improving the thermal conductivity of some satellite’s components has become an important issue. This PhD work helped us studying and understanding in details the heat transfer mechanisms by conduction. More precisely, some parameters, such as the influence of interfaces, the mean inter-particle distance or any modification in the linearity of a crystalline structure, were revealed to be pretty detrimental for improving the thermal conductivity. The dispersion state, fillers functionalizations or nanoparticles did not necessarily show an enhancement of the thermal conductivity, but could eventually impact on other properties, such as electrical conductivity. However, some intrinsic parameters of the filler, such as the particle’s size, the aspect ratio, the specific surface area, the crystallinity or the morphology of the filler, are essential to enhance the thermal conductivity of an epoxy-based material. This work allowed us to illustrate the complexity of the thermal conduction mechanisms, through the results obtained and the assumptions made in the following manuscript. Besides, in the context of this PhD work, the materials considered here are epoxy-based composites, widely used in satellites applications. The main objective of this work is therefore to improve the thermal conductivity of epoxy resins by incorporating thermally-conductive fillers. An original study is also proposed here, based on structured and aligned thermally-conductive fillers, in order to highlight the importance of the anisotropic aspect of thermal conductivity. Several fillers were then studied, revealing graphite and graphene as most interesting particles. The industrial objective of this PhD work has been amply achieved, through a thorough study of these particles
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Nicolas Burger. Amélioration de la conductivité thermique des résines époxy par incorporation de charges conductrices. Sciences de l'ingénieur [physics]. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0183⟩. ⟨tel-01751108⟩



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