Analyses conformationnelles de nouveaux systèmes organisés biomimétiques

Abstract : The subject of this thesis deals with the structural studies of a new generation of oligomers, so called foldamers, constructed from pseudopeptidic mimics and able to adopt determined secondary structures. Three families of oligomers were investigated. For each oligomer several spectroscopic methods have been used combined with molecular modeling in order to characterize their structural properties. The first family was studied in collaration with the group of Muriel Amblard and Monique Calmès at IBMM in Montpellier. We have evaluated the structural properties of the motif (S)-ABOC. Several oligomers of varying sizes were synthesized and we have shown that the pattern (S)-ABOC, when introduced into a peptide sequence, is capable of generating beta turn. The sequence of these turn leads to the formation of helices, which, according to associated pseudo-peptide patterns shows different characteristics. The second project discussed the conformation of oligomers family formed from constrainted thiazole monomers. We have shown that this pattern developed by Ludovic Maillard at IBMM in Montpellier adopted pseudocycles C9 which led to helices. THis property was observed starting from the tetramer. The third family of oligomers comes from the LCPM, alternating oligomers of alpha amino acids and aza amino acids, in which the alpha carbon has been replaced by a nitrogen atom. We showed that the pattern aza induces folding of the beta turn, facilitating the cyclization of the molecule. In this thesis we have characterized the properties to self-structuring of three families of pseudopeptide foldamers by combining experimental results from nuclear magnetic resonance, infrared spectroscopy, circular dichroism and X-ray diffraction combined with molecular modeling calculations. Our study lists the properties of each pattern to form secondary structure elements and to induce the formation of foldamers
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Cheng Deng. Analyses conformationnelles de nouveaux systèmes organisés biomimétiques. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0247⟩. ⟨tel-01751370⟩

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