Réduction des émissions de polluants automobiles par une approche thermique globale

Abstract : The work of this thesis is part of the development of an innovative methodology in the field of global thermal management for motor vehicles. It focuses specifically on the analysis of the reduction of pollutant emissions and improving energy efficiency of a combustion engine, especially in partial load or transient operation. The first objective is to analyze the effect of inlet temperature on the engine performance. The second objective relates to the prediction of the condensation processes inherent to exhaust gas recirculation into the engine intake. Finally, the third objective is the modeling and implementation of a water circuit cooled by the air conditioning loop and whose function is to cool the gases in at the engine intake.The first chapter is devoted to the presentation of the vehicle thermal management system and the design process adopted in this work. In the second chapter, after having shown the effects of intake gas cooling on the thermodynamic efficiency of the engine, it is shown with a numerical and technological study of the air conditioning loop that is possible to operate an onboard cooling system that is capable of regenerating heat when braking. The third chapter focuses on system modeling using an energy modeling focuses on the use of bond graph language. The final chapter is dedicated to the experimental part with the objective of validating the model of gas condensation and a demonstrator of thermal hybridation and its control strategies
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Julien Métayer. Réduction des émissions de polluants automobiles par une approche thermique globale. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011INPL057N⟩. ⟨tel-01751644⟩

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