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Observers design for uncertain descriptor systems: Application to control and diagnosis

Abstract : In this thesis the observer design for uncertain linear descriptor systems and their applications to control and fault diagnosis is studied. Descriptor systems can be considered as a generalization of dynamical systems. This class of systems include algebraic and differential equations. The observer used in this work has a new structure more general than those presented in the literature. The observer structure proposed has additional degrees of freedom, which provides it robustness in face to variations not considered in the model. The new observer structure used in this thesis, named as generalized dynamic observer (GDO), is designed for different classes of descriptor systems. The asymptotic stability of the observer is proved by Lyapunov analysis through a set of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs). In all cases, the LMI obtained from the Lyapunov analysis is treated by the elimination lemma. The use of the elimination lemma is essential in the development of the stability analysis of the observers, since it allows to obtain the GDO structure. Proportional observers (PO) and proportional-integral observers (PIO) can be considered as particular cases of our observer. The thesis is organized as follows: In the general introduction, the problem formulation is presented, the objectives of the thesis are pointed out, the scope of the investigation and the main contributions are also presented. Chapter 1 introduces descriptor systems as the class of systems considered in this work and presents a review of the state of the art focused on the observers design for these systems. Also we introduce the GDO as an observer with structure more general than that of the PO and the PIO. Chapter 2 develops the GDO for descriptor systems with or without disturbances. Extension of these approaches for discrete-time descriptor systems with or without disturbances are also presented. In Chapter 3, the robust approach of the GDO is treated for parametric uncertain descriptor systems, where the uncertainty is bounded, and for linear parameter varying (LPV) descriptor systems, where the parameters vary inside a polytope. Chapter 4 presents the GDO application to observer-based control with the objective to stabilize descriptor systems that normally are unstable. An extension of this approach to disturbed descriptor systems is also developed. Chapter 5 presents the GDO application to fault diagnosis, which is divided in two parts. The first one is to detect and isolate faults by using a GDO that provides residuals that are able to represent only the presence of one fault, so that we can isolate multiple faults. And the second part is to estimate the faults by using a GDO with a modified structure. These approaches are developed for descriptor systems and for uncertain descriptor systems. The last part is dedicated to general conclusions and some perspectives.
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Gloria Lilia Osorio Gordillo. Observers design for uncertain descriptor systems: Application to control and diagnosis. Other. Université de Lorraine, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0103⟩. ⟨tel-01751797⟩

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