Y. Kang, H. T. Yu, K. Fu, E. Z. Yvang, and . \va, ng, « Morphology and precipitation kinetics of Ali\ in hot strip of lovv carbon steel produced b:y compact strip production >>, 1\Iatcrials Science and EnginccrinB·: A, pp.265-271, 2003.

V. 1. Guétaz, \'lerlin, et M. Soler, « Kinetic and microstructural study of aluminium nitride precipitation in a low carbon aluminium-killed steel, pp.299-310, 2003.

L. 1. Cheng, E. B. Hawbolt, and T. R. L\ieadowcroft, Dissolution and Coarsening oF Aluminum Nitride Precipitates in Low Carbon Steel ??? Distribution, Size and Morphology, Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, vol.46, issue.1, pp.73-86, 2000.
DOI : 10.1179/imr.1988.33.1.221

:. H. Vi, C. Biglari, and E. J. Brakrnan, :rviittcrncijcr, « Crystal structure and morphology of Ail\ precipitating on nitriding of an Fe-2at.% Al alloy >>, PlJilosoplJical 1\1aga:âne A, pp.1281-1299, 1995.

F. \vever, K. C. Koch, E. H. Ilschner-gench, and . Rohde, Forsch lVirts. 1'-lordrhein- Westfallen, pp.1-6, 1957.

S. Hanai and 1. Takcrnoto, :rviizuyama, « Prccipitatcs of cubic structure dctected in law-carbon aluminum-killed steels >>, Trans. Iron. Steel Inst . .Jap, vol.11, issue.1, pp.24-31, 1971.

J. Il, R. \vilcox, . K. \v, and . Honcycornbc, << Effcct of precipitation on hot ductility of niobium and aluminium rnicroalloycd stccls, Aiatcrials Science and Tcdmology, vol.3, issue.10, pp.849-854, 1987.

T. Koizumi, I. Yoshida, K. , S. , and J. , {ishinmi, « Effects of Ali\ precipitation on rncchanical propcrtics of alpha-iron, pp.1229-1242, 1969.

H. Croft, A. R. Entwisle, and G. J. Davies, « Origins of dendritic AI:'{ precipitates in alnminium-killed-steel castings >>, 1\Ietals Teclmology, pp.125-1291

A. V. Smirnova and . Ul-'yanina, ct :\1. I. Vinograd, << Almninurn nitridcs in carbon steel ~~ , 1\ifetal Science and heat treatment, pp.144-146, 1970.

]. J. Vright and A. G. Et, Quarrell, « Effect of chemical composition on occurenee of intergranular fracture in plain carbon steel castings containing ahuniniurn and nitrogen >, Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute, p.299, 1962.

J. Kim, C. Kang, . J. Park, J. -. Lee, . Pak et al., ynamics of almninurn, nitrogen and AIN formation in liquid iron, Precipitation of Ali\ in austenite and hardenability of boron-trea.tcd stecls », Trans. Iron Steel Inst. ]pn, pp.404-411, 1978.

R. Radis, S. Schwarz, S. Zamberger, and E. E. Kozesclmik, << AlN Precipitation During Isot.hermal Annealing of "Cltra Low Carbon Steel », steel researcl1 int, pp.905-910, 2011.

J. D. Tanaka and E. T. Yanai, Interaction of J.\:ietals and Cases. London: Philips Technical Library << Equilibria of nitride forming reactions in liquid iron a, Po.ITB, vol.18, issue.1, pp.195-202, 1965.

P. Perrot and J. Foct, Gaz autres que l'hydrogène dans le fer et les aciers

H. and R. D. Pchlkc, Nitrogen solubility and almnimun nitridc precipitation in liquid iron, Fe-Cr, Fc-Cr-:.Ji, and Fc-Cr-Ni-1'1o alloys, pp.441-448, 1978.

L. S. Darken, R. P. Smith, E. \. Filer, and . Solubilit, y of Gaseous Kitrogen in Iron and the Effcct of Alloying Constitucnts-Aluminiurn Ki tri de Precipitation >1, Transactions of the American Institute of Aiining and 1\, Jetallurgical Engineers, vol.11, pp.1174-79, 1951.

H. F. Bccghly and <. , Behavior of Nitrogen and Some of Its Compounds in Steel, Analytical Chemistry, vol.24, issue.7, pp.1095-1100, 1952.
DOI : 10.1021/ac60067a009

H. F. Beeghly, Determination of Nonmetallic Compounds in Metals, Analytical Chemistry, vol.24, issue.11, pp.1713-1721, 1952.
DOI : 10.1021/ac60071a007

R. Radis, E. Kozcschnik, and <. , Kinctics of AIN precipitation m microalloycd steel >> , Modelling a, Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, vol.18, issue.5, pp.1-16, 2010.

L. M. Cheng, E. B. Hmvbolt, and T. R. Meadowcroft, « :\'lodeling of dissolution, grmvth, and coarsening of aluminnm ni tri de in low-carbon steels », 1\.Jetallurp;ical and 1\, Iaterials Transactions A, vol.31, issue.8, pp.1907-1916, 2000.

\. C. Leslie, R. L. Rickett, C. L. Dotson, and C. S. \valton, << Solution and precipitation of aluminum nit. ride in relation to the structure of low carbon steels, Transactions of Arncrican Society for 1\Jctals, pp.14-70, 1954.

L. A. Erasmus, << Effect of aluminium additions on forgeability a.ustenite grain coarscning temperature and impact propcrtics of steel, Journal of the Iron and Steel Institrztc, pp.32-41, 1964.

K. E. Honer and S. Baliktay, « Formation of Aluminum ~itride in Cast Steel and Its In±1nence on the Susceptibilit.y to Intercrystalline Fracture. I », Giesserei Forsch, pp.53-64, 1978.

H. Sawamura and T. , THERMODYNAMIC INVESTIGATION OF NONMETALLIC INCLUSIONS IN STEEL (I), Tetsu-to-Hagane, vol.41, issue.10, pp.1082-1082
DOI : 10.2355/tetsutohagane1955.41.10_1082

F. L. Alcântara and R. Barbosa, ct :'vi. A. Cunha, << Study of alurninurn nitride precipitation in Fe-3%Si steel, AJat criais Rcscarch, vol.16, issue.5, pp.1039-1044

~. Hansen, K. Anderko, and E. H. \v, Constitution of Binary Alloys, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, vol.105, issue.12, pp.260-261, 1958.
DOI : 10.1149/1.2428700

J. Pearson and U. J. Endc, « The thcrrnodynarnics of rnctal nitrides and of nitrogcn in iron and steel 1>, J. Iron Steel Inst, vol.175, pp.52-58, 1953.

F. Vodophrec, . Torkar, . Debelak, F. Kmetic, E. F. Haller et al., Influence of aluminium on solidification structure and initial deformabilit.:y of continuousl:y cast C-Mn-Si-N steel », 1\Jatcrials, Science and Tcclmology, vol.4, issue.10, pp.917-925, 1988.

T. Kubota, ». Development, and S. Giho, of ant.i-coarsening extra-fine steel for carburizing, pp.72-76, 2003.

K. Ma and T. Haratani, The dissolution and precipitation behavior of ain and :'vinS in grain-oriented 3% silicon-steel with high permeability >>, Journal of 1\Jagnetism and 1\1atj1Wtic 1\Jatcrials, pp.15-17, 1980.

F. Vodopivec, Influence of Hot Deformation of Lov.r-C Steel by Rolling on the Precipitation of AlN, J. Iron Steel Inst, vol.211, issue.9, pp.664-665

L. Vi, E. T. Cheng, E. T. Hawbolt, and . Meadowcroft, << Modeling of Al~ precipitation in low carbon steels, Scripta nwtcrialia, pp.673-678, 1999.

A. Brahmi and R. Borrelly, Study of aluminium nitride precipitation in pure Fe-Al-I\ allo y b:y thermoelectric povver mea.surements », Acta 1\Jaterialia, pp.1889-1897, 1997.

E. Kozeschnik, V. N. Pletenev, E. B. Zolotorevsky, and . Buchmayr, « Aluminum nitride precipitation and texture development in batch-annealed bake-hardening steel », 1\fetallurgical and matcrials tnwsactions A, pp.1663-1673, 1999.

. Vl and . Jolley, « Effcct of hcating rate on recrystalli?:ation and anisotropy in alurniniumkilled and rimmed sheet steels, IRON STEEL INST J, vol.205, issue.3, pp.321-328, 1967.

Y. B. Hutchinson, Development and control of a.nnealing textures in low-carbon steels, International ).;[etals Reviews, pp.25-42, 1984.

H. H. Podgurski and H. E. , KncchtcL << I\itrogenation of Fe-Al alloys. Part.1: Nuclcation and grmvth of aluminium nitride, pp.1595-1602, 1969.

H. H. Podgurski, R. A. Oriani, F. N. Davis, . Ivl, Y. T. Li et al., << Kitrogenation of Fe-Al alloys. Part.2. The adsorption and solution of nitrogen in nitrogenated Fe-Al Alloys, TRANS MET SOC AIME, vol.245, issue.7, pp.1603-1608, 1969.

:. Vi, B. Leger, and . Guillaurnc, « Microfractographic Diagnosis of the embrittlcrnent of steel castings by aluminum, Int. Cast Met. .J, vol.5, issue.3, pp.40-46, 1980.

H. R. Jhansale and D. R. , VlcCann, « Fatigue Analysis Techniques for Vint Advances in Fatigue Lifetime Predictive Tecllniqucs, age Steam Turbine/Generat.or Components >> ASTAI STP, vol.1122, pp.474-489, 1992.

C. H. Lorig-et and . Elsea, << Occurrence of intergranular fracture in cast steels, Trans. AFS, vol.55, pp.160-174, 1947.

D. G. Thomas, J. K. Drimacombe, and E. I. Samarasekera, « The formation of panel cracks in steel ingots, A st.ate of the art review, Part I: Hot ductility of steel, Transactions of tlw Iron and Steel Society, pp.7-20, 1986.

G. ). Bernard, B. Birat, E. J. Conseil, and . Humbert, ??tude de la sensibilit?? ?? la crique des aciers coul??s en continu ?? l???aide d???essais de ductilit?? ?? chaud, Revue de M??tallurgie, vol.75, issue.7, pp.467-480, 1978.
DOI : 10.1051/metal/197875070467

L. E. Cepeda-), . J. Rodriguez-iba, and . Urcola, Influence of Composition and Thermal History on the Dynamic Recrystallisation and Subsequent Hot Ductility of Mild Steels., ISIJ International, vol.33, issue.7, pp.799-806, 1993.
DOI : 10.2355/isijinternational.33.799

R. Radis, C. Schlacher, E. Kozeschnik, P. :. \-'iayr, K. Enzinger et al., Loss of Ductility Caused by AlN Precipitation in Hadfield Steel, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, vol.81, issue.055003, pp.1132-1139, 2012.
DOI : 10.1002/srin.201000021

T. K. Gao and . Daker, Austenite grain growt.h behaviour of microalloyed Al-V-K and Al-V-Ti-K steels 11, ISI, J International, vol.38, issue.7, pp.744-751, 1998.

]. D. Fields and \. A. , Dackofen, « Determination of st.rain hardening characteristics b:y torsion tcsting >1, Procccdings ASTAL 1957, pp.1259-1272

Y. Tillier, « Identification par analyse inverse du comportement mécanique des polymères solides ; applications aux sollicitations multiaxiales et rapides, 1998.

T. Corroy, \\ Prôcipitation des nitrures d'aluminium dans un aclCr rnart, 2011.

H. M. Rictvcld, « A profil rcfinernent method for nuclcar and magnctic structures, Journal of Applied Crystallogmphy, vol.2, issue.2, pp.65-72

]. C. Bellot, P. Et, and . Lamesle, << Quantitative mea.<Jurement of gamma prime precipit.at.es in two industria.l nickcl-bascd superalloys using extraction and high resolution SE1

]. L. Giannui, S. R. Drovvn, R. D. Drown, E. F. Irwin, and . Stevie, Applications of the FIB lift-out technique for TEM specimen preparation, Microscopy Research and Technique, vol.11, issue.4, pp.285-290, 1998.
DOI : 10.1116/1.586536

R. Steiner, << ASJ\-1 Handbook Volume 1: Propert.ies and Selection: Irons, St.eels, and High-Perfonnancc Alloys, 1990.

G. Béranger-)-f, . J. Duffaut, J. Morlet, and . Tiers, Les alliages de fer et de nickel: cent ans après la découv-erte de l'Invar, 1996.

R. F. Egerton, Electron cner,gy-loss spectr"Oscopy in the electron microscope, 1996.

R. Becker and \. Doring, Kinetische Behandlung der Keimbildung in ??bers??ttigten D??mpfen, Kinetische Behandlung der Keimbildung in übersattigten Diimpfen >>, pp.719-752, 1935.
DOI : 10.1002/andp.19354160806

E. J. Kozcschnik, R. Svoboda, F. D. Radis, and . Fischer, « Ivlcan-fïcld rnodcl for the growth and coarsening of stoichiometric precipitates at grain boundaries », 1\:Iodelling Sinwl, Mater. Sei. Eng, vol.18, issue.1, p.15011, 2010.

D. Thivcllier and D. Rousseau, Tricot, « Précipitation du nitrure d'aluminium dans les aciers », Mém. sei. Rev. métall., oct, 1977.

A. Hensel and T. Spittel, Kraft-und Arbeitsbedarf' bildsamer Formgel)lmgBverf'allren. Deutscher Vcrlag für Gnmdstoffindustrie Leipzig, 1978.

E. Abblard and P. , Ilocabois, ct P. Osrnont, « Cinétique de précipitation des inclusions- Analyse des histogrammes de taille des inclusions à Faide d'une simulation numérique, 1998.

C. Liu, A. J. Burghardt, J. J. Jacobs, and . Scheffer, ecrystallization :'viodel for Al-Killed Lo-vv-Carbon Steels, JiECHANICAL H'ORKING AND STEEL PROCESSI1VG CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, pp.963-970, 1996.

G. Caglioti, A. Paolctti, and F. P. Ricci, Choice of collimators for a crystal spectrometer for neutron diffraction, Nuclear Instruments, vol.3, issue.4, pp.223-228, 1958.
DOI : 10.1016/0369-643X(58)90029-X

. Les-nciers-mu, ù une composition chimique contrôlée et à des traitements thermiques adaptés, conduisant à des microst.ructures de martensite revenue et de précipitation de phases dureisl:lantci:l (carbures ct intcnnôtalliqucs) LOE pcrfonnances de cc type d'aciers, en constante amélioration. ont donné naissance, au cours de la dernière décade, à une nouvelle nuance, le l'v1L:l40'l'~1, répond.Rnl. à des applicRLions spécifiques d.Rns le domRine de l'RéronauLique. Bien que la compol:lition chimique l:loit strictement contrôlôe en irnpol:lant, entre autres, une trôs faible teneur d'azote, des nitrures d'aluminium (AlN), de quelques dizaines de microns

. Mots-clés, Acier Maraging : Nitrure d'Aluminium : Précipitat-ion ; Dissolution : Quantification : l'vlorpho logie Precipitation of aluminium nitride in a maraging steel with very low nitrogen content Influence of hot-plastic deformation