Nickel uptake and transport in the hyperaccumulator Noccaea Caerulescens

Abstract : Hyperaccumulating plants are capable of accumulating extraordinary concentrations of heavy metals, e.g. Ni, Zn and Cd, in their shoots. This thesis was conducted to assess: 1) how roots of hyperaccumulators absorb Ni, and 2) how Ni circulates in different organs via xylem and phloem. Methods used were hydroponic cultures with the Ni/Zn hyperaccumulator Noccaea caerulescens in the presence of low and high Ni and Zn solutions, and in competition with Fe, Co, and Rb and Sr. Isotope fractionation in the plant, and gene expression of the Zn transporter ZIP10 and the Fe transporter IRT1 were studied. Results showed that the hyperaccumulator N. caerulescens takes up Ni mainly via low-affinity transport system, which seemed to be Zn and Fe transporters. Xylem transport is the main source for Ni accumulation in both young and old leaves, while phloem translocation also acts as an important source for young leaves. Ni is enriched in phloem sap and mainly chelated by organic acids especially malate during phloem translocation.
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Tenghaobo Deng. Nickel uptake and transport in the hyperaccumulator Noccaea Caerulescens. Agricultural sciences. Université de Lorraine, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0064⟩. ⟨tel-01752261⟩

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