Aspects psychosociaux de la qualité de vie des personnes vivant avec le VIH : une étude transculturelle entre la France et le Brésil

Abstract : For people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), their illness is a subjective experience that may affect their quality of life (QOL). This thesis explores the influence of the perception that PLWHA have of their illness, as well as coping strategies, self-efficacy, health engagement control strategies, social support and goal adjustment on QV and anxiety/depression. A comparative approach between French with/without HIV and PLWHA in France and Brazil was undertaken. Participants (France: PLWHA n=206, without HIV n=220; Brazil: PLWHA n=128) completed questionnaires assessing each of these variables. The results confirm, with the use of odds ratios, that PLWHA have a lower QOL and more anxiety/depression when compared to people without HIV. Moreover, structural equation models were used to verify the influence of illness perception, self-efficacy and goal adjustment on QOL of French PLWHA. Finally, hierarchical regressions showed that illness perception, self-efficacy and social support were predictive of QOL both in France and Brazil. The discussion highlights the need to take into account illness perception to understand the adjustment of PLWHA
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Carolina Rodrigues Catunda. Aspects psychosociaux de la qualité de vie des personnes vivant avec le VIH : une étude transculturelle entre la France et le Brésil. Psychologie. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0114⟩. ⟨tel-01752345⟩

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