Réintégrer les départements annexés : le gouvernement et les services d’Alsace-Lorraine (1914-1919)

Abstract : From 1915, the French government develops political and administrative plans for Alsace-Lorraine in case of a victorious peace. For that purpose, different organizations are involved in the conception of orientations to be applied after war. Following the armistice, a decree puts three commissars of the French Republic, in residence at Strasbourg, Metz and Colmar, in charge of prefectural duties. This study, about the civil organizations in charge of Alsace-Lorraine during the First World War, lies within an administrative, but also political frame. It is dealing with the positioning of French authorities, facing a substitution of sovereignty: definition of an administrative system, adaptation of the existent laws, integration into the French economic space, orientations to be given in the fields of language, scholarship or religion. It questions the practices of government in a context of war and of redefinition of the relations between State and regional power. The geographical frame, in which this research is inscribed, leads necessarily to make comparisons with the reflections about the future of Alsace-Lorraine in case of an imperial victory, that are taking place in Germany in the same time. The analysis will first deal with the projects, which are developed by the organizations in charge of preparing the future of the annexed provinces. To underline this French wish of a return of Alsace-Lorraine, the study will also be handling with the organizations in charge of “inspire love toward France”. The thesis will also be dealing with the different organizations in charge to govern concretely Alsace and Lorraine, in a first time the only territories in Upper-Alsace, that are occupied by the French armies, and during the months that are following November the 11th 1918, the entire the three departments in totality.
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Joseph Schmauch. Réintégrer les départements annexés : le gouvernement et les services d’Alsace-Lorraine (1914-1919). Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0252⟩. ⟨tel-01752401⟩

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