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Influence de l’environnement cristallin sur les propriétés moléculaires du kétoprofène dans des co-cristaux

Abstract : Ketoprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug known by its analgesic and antipyretic properties. However, it has a very low water solubility, which limits its bioavailability. To solve this problem, the active pharmaceutical ingredient is administered as a water soluble salt with sodium, lysine, arginine, N-methylglucamine or trometamol. The scope of this thesis is to study, for the first time, the crystal structures of salts of both racemic and S-ketoprofen with L-lysine and trometamol, and to obtain the crystal structure of new ketoprofen co-crystals or salts, in order to analyze the relationship between the structure and the properties of these solid forms. We succeeded to control the crystal growth of the salts of racemic and S-ketoprofen with trometamol and L-lysine, and with 2-amino-2-methyl propanol. The analysis of these salt structures has shown that they are formed by anionic layers of ketoprofenates which are inserted between the cations thanks to strong N-H...O and O-H...O hydrogen bonds. The cations form layers in trometamol and L-lysine salts. However, they are only connected by van der Waals interactions in the salts of 2-amino-2-methylpropanol. The cohesion of the anionic layers is ensured by weak C-H...O, C-H...[pi] or C-H...N interactions. The study of the thickness of anionic layers, as well as that of the surface and the volume occupied by a ketoprofenate anion in each anionic layer, shows significant differences in the salts. These variations may be explained by differences in the conformations of ketoprofenates anions. The study of geometrical parameters of ketoprofenate anions in the salts and those of the ketoprofen molecules in the pure active ingredients shows that the most important changes affect the twisting angles engaging the carboxylate/carboxylic acid that interacts with neighboring molecules/anions by short and highly directional intermolecular hydrogen bonds. The interactions in which the aromatic rings are incurred are rather weak, therefore the twisting angles involving these cycles slightly vary in the different crystal structures. Various techniques have also been used to characterize the salt, such as powder X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), infrared (IR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The results were correlated with the crystal structures. The solubility measurements of the racemic ketoprofen-trometamol salt and the two polymorphs of S-ketoprofen-trometamol salts confirm that they have greatly improved solubility compared to the pure active ingredients
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:45:14 PM
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Mahjouba Ben Nasr. Influence de l’environnement cristallin sur les propriétés moléculaires du kétoprofène dans des co-cristaux. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0275⟩. ⟨tel-01752407⟩



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