Etude des étapes primaires de la dégradation thermique de la biomasse lignocellulosique

Abstract : Biomass is a renewable energy source, which collect and stock CO2. The objectives of this work were to study the thermal behavior of natural biomass and its components (cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin). We were particularly interested in the thermal degradation mechanisms of natural polymers arising, first, during heat treatments (primary mechanisms). This work was carried out with in the framework of the ACI "Biomasters" with the support of Credit Mutuel. The thermal behaviors of biomass and its components were studied by using thermogravimetry (TGA), pyrolysis coupled with mass spectrometry(Py-MS) and pyrolysis coupled with gas chromatography with detection by mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). The thermal behaviors of biomass components were shown, by TGA, to be appreciably different and their roles were specified in thermal degradation. We also showed the impossibility of proposing estimated laws of biomass thermalbehavior on the basis of the main component TGA results. With Py-MS, we developed a method allowing to highlight the most representative molecular fragments evolved during biomass thermal degradation. This enabled us to specify the most sensitive components towards metallic catalystaction. The Py-CG/SM analysis of the mixtures showed that vapor compositions in the mixtures are close to simple laws of addition. We complete our work by an application of pyrolysis/gasification of Miscanthus for the of a sas with value
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Anissa Khelfa. Etude des étapes primaires de la dégradation thermique de la biomasse lignocellulosique. Autre. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009METZ015S⟩. ⟨tel-01752631⟩

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