Analyse Synchronique et diachronique de l'item à choix libre "n'importe quel" : comparaison avec "tout"

Abstract : The aim of the present dissertation is to give a synchronic and diachronic analysis of the French determiners tout and n?importe quel. As for tout, we focus on its use as a free choice determiner. Whereas tout can have other interpretations, n'importe quel can be interpreted only as a free choice item. Free choice determiners allow a random selection of a referent from a set of possible individuals. The synchronic analysis of tout and n'importe quel starts by considering several analyses provided for the English determiner any. Then, we present the distribution of the two determiners in French. We analyze the role of context on their interpretation and determine their quantificational force. The differences between tout and n'importe quel are pointed out with respect to both their syntax and their semantics. As for the diachronic analysis, we start by pointing out two differences between the two determiners: their origin and the period of time when they entered the French lexicon. Because of these differences, our analysis of the diachrony of tout is carried out in a different way from the analysis of n?importe quel. In the case of n'importe quel, we describe the process which led to its formation which began with the entry of the verb importer in the French lexicon. We explain why the determiner n'importe quel appeared, despite the existence of other free choice items, such as un?quel qu'il soit which have an interpretation that is very close to that of n'importe quel. Our analysis of tout is based mainly on the evolution of its distribution and on the fact that this determiner is not necessarily a free choice item.
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Sandrine Croy. Analyse Synchronique et diachronique de l'item à choix libre "n'importe quel" : comparaison avec "tout". Linguistique. Université Nancy 2, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN21013⟩. ⟨tel-01752705⟩

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