Synthèse enzymatique, modélisation moléculaire et caractérisation d'oligomères de flavonoïdes

Abstract : The aim of this work is the elaboration of rutin and esculin oligomerization process by the laccase from Trametes versicolor. A parallel synthesis process and on-line analysis of reaction media by SEC-UV and MALDI-TOF have been elaborated. The MALDI-TOF analysis has revealed the formation of simple bridges between rutin and esculin units, up to degree of oligomerization of 6 and 9 respectively. An ether bond has been observed by FTIR spectrometry for the rutin oligomers. Finally, the NMR analysis has revealed the formation of C-C and C-O bridges both on phenolic and the sugar parts of the flavonoids. At low pH and temperature, the elongation of the chain is favored, whereas increasing the dielectric constant of the solvent or the temperature favors the production of rutin oligomers. The limitation of oligomers mass is explained by the inhibition of the enzyme, probably due to the highest chelation properties of oligomers. In the case of oligorutin, a decrease of antiradical activity and an increase of xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity have been observed when the oligomers molecular mass increases. In the case of esculin oligomers, these two activities increase with the increase of the oligomers mass. For these two types of oligomers, the water solubility is considerably increased. For the oligorutins, this augmentation has been correlated to a dense network of H-bonds, which has been demonstrated by molecular modeling. Globally, the molecular modeling approach in vacuum and in solvent has allowed to establish structure-activity relationship
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Julie Anthoni. Synthèse enzymatique, modélisation moléculaire et caractérisation d'oligomères de flavonoïdes. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007INPL097N⟩. ⟨tel-01752858⟩

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