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Stabilité de l’écoulement de Taylor-Couette de fluides complexes

Abstract : When increasing the Reynolds number of a flow, it passes gradually from an ordered state, called laminar, to a chaotic state, called turbulent. During this transition, organized hydrodynamic structures appear which disorganize under successive destabilizations. These structures may cause problems for example in the relation to the homogenization of suspensions, because particles may be trapped in the structures, leading to under or over-concentrated zones. Furthermore, most of the fluids found in nature and in the industry are non-Newtonian. In order to better understand and control the apparition of hydrodynamic structures in such fluids, we focused during this PhD on the instability mechanisms governing the transition to turbulence of complex fluids in the simplified configuration of Taylor-Couette. In a theoretical and numerical approach, concepts of hydrodynamic instabilities were applied to the circular Couette flow for three rheological models: the power law, the Carreau and the Bingham models. Two radius ratios and different rotation velocities were considered for the cylinders. The destabilization of the circular Couette flow was studied to predict the apparition of structures such as Taylor vortex at long times. An analysis at short time was also performed to study the phenomena of transient growth. In an experimental approach, a Taylor-Couette device was designed. First, the torque on the inner cylinder was measured for a Newtonian fluid (glycerol) and successfully compared to previous results of the literature. Secondly, rheological measurements were conducted in order to select fluids showing rheological behaviors considered in the theoretical approach. Visualizations were then performed in order to detect the apparition of instabilities and the critical conditions were compared to the predicted by means of the linear stability analysis. Finally, PIV measurements provided velocity fields in the flow. These different studies evidenced a subcritical transition and chaotic flow due to the shear-thinning character of the fluids.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01754494, version 1

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Yao Agbessi. Stabilité de l’écoulement de Taylor-Couette de fluides complexes. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0160⟩. ⟨tel-01754494⟩

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