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Etude des transformations de phases dans le revêtement Al-Si lors d'un recuit d'austénitisation

Abstract : Nowadays more and more pre-coated steels are applied in hot-stamping process to prevent the steel surface against iron oxidation and decarburization during the heat-treatment. The coating is deposited by hot-dipping the coil in an Al-Si bath. During the austenitization, the Al-Si coating transforms completely by inter-diffusion and solidification reactions, which define the final microstructure and particularly the top layer responsible for the in-use properties like spot welding and painting adhesion.At the delivery state, the Al-Si coating is a multiphase coating containing the following phases: Al-grains, Al-Fe-Si ternary eutectic phase, an Al-Fe-Si intermetallic layer and a binary Al-Fe interfacial layer. After the heat-treatment, all the phases transform into two types of intermetallic compounds: Si-rich ternary and Si-poor binary compounds.During this study, a complete identification of the different intermetallic phases has been conducted. Initial ternary Al-Fe-Si phases transform into fusible phases by eutectic or peritectic reaction. The presence of liquid state enables rapid local iron diffusion which allows to the Si-rich phases to keep their high Si content during the whole treatment. So the iron diffusion stabilizes the Si gradients in the coating despite the classical diffusion laws. Using the ternary phase diagram it was shown how iron enrichment in the coating proceeds by keeping thermodynamical equilibrium along the interfaces between Si-rich ternary and Si-poor binary phases. A phenomenological model of phase transformations explaining the formation of differente coating microstructures during the austenitization step is proposed
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Raisa Grigorieva. Etude des transformations de phases dans le revêtement Al-Si lors d'un recuit d'austénitisation. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010INPL019N⟩. ⟨tel-01754556⟩

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