Caractérisation des propriétés d’un mutant de la protéine Rrp9p de la snoRNP U3 de levure Saccharomyces cerevisiae et mise en évidence d’un réseau de protéines au sein du complexe de maturation précoce des ARNr

Abstract : Ribosome biogenesis is a complex and dynamic process requiring several assembly and maturation factors needed for processing of the pre-rRNA and assembly of the ribosomal protein. In eukarya, biogenesis of the 40S small subunit starts in the nucleolus with the transcription of a long pre-rRNA, containing 3 out of the 4 future rRNAs. The 18S pre-rRNA is modified by several C/D or H/ACA box snoRNPs and processed by endonucleolytic cleavages at sites A0, A1 and A2 sites. These early cleavages occur within a huge complex termed the SSU-processome. The processome assembles at the 5’ extremity of the pre-rRNA, and contains multiple factors, including the U3 snoRNP, a C/D box snoRNP chaperoning the pre-rRNA. Indeed, the U3 snoRNA is involved in formation of 5 intermolecular helix with the pre-rRNA, which defines the A0, A1 and A2 cleavage sites. In addition to the four C/D box snoRNP core proteins, the U3 snoRNP contains additional protein, Rrp9p, required for cell viability. The Rrp9p C-terminal extremity folds into a beta propeller structure. To try to decipher the Rrp9p role, we mutated several surface residues of the beta propeller protein and the effects of the mutations on cell growth were tested. Through this approach, we found that the R289 residue is important for the maturation events at A1 and A2 sites. Moreover, we identified new protein partners of Rrp9p within the processome and showed that R289 residue is involved in a direct interaction with Rrp36p. We identified a network of protein-protein interactions including Rrp9p, Rrp36p, Sgd1p and Rrp5p : Rrp9p interacts with Rrp36p and Sgd1p, Rrp36p and Sgd1p interact together and with Rrp5p. Some of the protein domains involved in the interactions were identified. In addition, the R289A mutation in Rrp9p has a strong negative effect on growth with mutations in U3 snoRNA that destabilize the U3 snoRNA/pre-rRNA interaction
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Guillaume Clerget. Caractérisation des propriétés d’un mutant de la protéine Rrp9p de la snoRNP U3 de levure Saccharomyces cerevisiae et mise en évidence d’un réseau de protéines au sein du complexe de maturation précoce des ARNr. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0315⟩. ⟨tel-01754611⟩

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