Nouvelles populations limites et changements institutionnels : histoire d'une mutation

Abstract : The history developped in this thesis which brings together diverse empirical research, is that of a transition : transition from a model of care of specific populations to another model which is called risk management. In this movement, this transformation, the place and the treatment which is given to certain social groups which are here called marginal or non-classifiable populations situated on the frontiers of different domains of care, is redefined. The principal objective is to show, using the analysis of R. Castel as a model, how starting with AIDES and its links with drug addiction (our first object), a process which has been taking place here and there for several years and in a fairly diffuse manner has suddenly speeded up obliging a domain of care, a particular type of institution founded on a particular historical model to change to another model, that of the management risk. Revealed in this unusual way, integrated into discourse and practice (under the auspices of "risk reduction policy") as never before, this second model became the dominant model and the base of thenormal functioning of our society, causing other areas of transformation which had been hesitant and developing more slowly to take the same path. the debates ans changes taking place particularly in the domain of the treatment of juvenile delinquents which have a proeminent place in the media, in social policy and in politics, which is the second object of our analysis, bear witness of this. Taking this change, its form and its mechanisms as a starting point, this thesis sets out to trace its origins. It is based on diverse evidence from the past and accords an important role to individual stories ; account of individual actors (professionals, in institutions or associations) caught up willingly or unwillingly in this vast movement
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Nathalie Gourmelon. Nouvelles populations limites et changements institutionnels : histoire d'une mutation. Sociologie. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2001. Français. ⟨NNT : 2001METZ001L⟩. ⟨tel-01775445⟩

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