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N. Walz, The enerry balance of the freshwater mussel Dreissena polynorpha Pallas in laboratory experiments and in lake Constance. I, Pattern of activity, feeding and assimilation efficiency, Arch. hydrobiol, pp.83-105, 1978.

T. R. Whittier, A. T. Herlihy, and S. M. Pierson, Regional susceptibility of northeast lakes to zpbra mussel invasion Fish, pp.20-27, 1995.
DOI : 10.1577/1548-8446(1995)020<0020:rsonlt>2.0.co;2

G. Wolf, P. Scheunders, and M. Selens, Evaluation of the swimming activity of Daphnia magna by image analysis after administration of sublethal Cadmium concentrations, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, vol.120, issue.1, pp.99-105, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S1095-6433(98)10016-8

D. A. Wrigbt, J. A. Magee, . M. Setzler-hamilton-8, L. Chalker-scott, and G. L. Morgan, Use of high energr monochromatic IrV light to kill Dreissenid larvae, Zebra mussels and aquatic nuisance species, p.467475, 1997.

, Matériels: -flacons ?n verre de 100 ml, à col rodé -pipette de2m|l0 ml et 50 ml -ampoule à décanter -agitateur magnétique -cuve e,n quartz de I ou 2 w -spec'trophotomètre Produits: -didrluo -1,2 éthane -orange de méthyle à0,04o/o en poids -acidenitrique l0% -acétone -chlorure de potassium (KCl) -acÉtate de sodium, trihydraté (CH3COON4 3IùO) -acide acetique glacial -eau déminéralisée Mode opératoire : -Lavage de lavenerie Double lavage à l'acétone, rinçage à I'acide nitique à lW/o,puis 3 rinçages à I'eau déminéralisée, Méthode de dosage du Mexelo 432Prépration de Ia solution tampon

, Compléter à 1000 ml avec de I'eau dé'minéralisee. La solution peut être conservée plusieus mois

, Préparation des sohûions ëtalons A partir d'une pesée, pnéparer une solution de Mexelo 432 à I g

N. Rapide, effectuer les dilutions de la solution à | gl et obenir un échantillm de 50 ml

, Préporation des éclwttillorts Dans les flacons de 100 ml" mr.rni d'un barreau aimanté, intoduire : 50 ml d'eau à analyser (étalm ou préléve,me'nt) 2 ml de solution tampon (cette solution peut ête garder 2 heues au frais)

, Agiter à 600 torndminute pendant 6 minues

L. Décanter,

, -hsage Recueillir la phase organique Mesurer immédiatemelrt ltabsorbance par rappd à I'air à 430 nm ou après l0 minûes de sûabilisatist à 414 nm

. Mesurer-le-blmc, pour les échantillons : eau nql additionnée de Mexelo 432 (aeude rivièrg eau dérnin&alisée, eau déchlaée,...) D.O. : D.O.*c. -D.O.ur-. PIIBLICATIONS ET COMMTINIICATIONS Publication internationale

L. Giamberini, N. Czembor, and J. C. Pihan, Inhibitory Effects of an Organic Molluscicide on Byssal Thread Development in Zebra Mussels, Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, vol.66, issue.2, pp.205-206, 1995.
DOI : 10.1006/jipa.1995.1087

. Actes-de-colloque,

L. Giamberini, N. Czembor, and J. C. Pihan, Effects of Mexel 432 on the settling, detachment and mortality of adult zebra mussels, 4th International Zebra Mussel Conference, pp.73-81, 1994.

N. Czembor, P. Rousselle, L. &. Giamberini, and J. C. Pihan, Un nouveau dispositif d'évaluation de l'écotoxicité en milieu aquatique par un double test écophysiologique Congres National de I'Association Française de Limnologie, pp.93-96, 1995.

N. Czembor, L. &. Giamberini, and J. C. Pihan, Effects of Mexel 432 on pumping and valve activities in zebra mussel : used of a new experimental evaluation system, pp-23'35-7th Internatio nal Zebra Mussel and Aquatic Nuisance Species Conference, 1997.

, Communications orales nationales et internationales

L. Giamberini, N. Czembor, and J. C. Pihan, Effects of Mexel 432 on the settling, detachment and mortality of adult zebra mussels, 4th International Zebra Mussel Conference. Madisoq Wisconsin, 1994.

N. Czembor, P. Rousselle, L. &. Giamberini, and J. C. Pihan, Un nouveau dispositif d,évaluation de l'écotoxicité en milieu aquatique par un double test écophysiologique. 39à"' Congres National de l'Association Française de Limnologie, 1995.

N. Czembor, L. G-iamberini, and J. C. Pihan, Inhibition capacity of Mexel 432 on the settlement of Dreissena polyrnorpha veligers and other organisms of macrofouling in the Moselle river (Northearir-France). 6th International Zebra Mussel and Other Aquatic Nuisance species conference, p.4, 1996.

J. Mersch, L. Legliz?, N. Czembor, and J. C. Pihan, Dreissena polyrnorpha : a multifunction indicator organism. 6 th International Zebra Mussel and Other Aquatic Nuisance Species Conference, 1996.

N. Czembor, L. &. Giamberini, and J. C. Pihan, Effects of an organic antifouling compound (M "*"i 432) both on sefflement of Dreissena lawae and several benthic invertebrate ipecies unâ on growth of adult mussels. Field and laboratory experiments. gth International Zebra Mussel and Aquatic Nuisance Species Conference, 1998.

N. Czembor, L. &. Giamberini, and J. C. Pihan, , 1998.

N. Czembor, P. Rouselle, L. Giamberini, and J. C. Pihan, Filtrovalvomètre : sensibilité du capteur vis à vis de substances antifouling Journée de presentation d'acquis actuels du projet Féderateur Régional Lorrain, 'Mesure, Caracterisation et Modélisation de l, 1998.

. Czemborn, L. &. Diamberini, and J. C. Pihan, Effects of Mexel 432 both on the settlement of Dreissena potynorphaveligers and other organisms of macrofouling in the Moselle river (north-eastlrnFrance) and ôn the adult zebramussel growth, International Conference on Ècotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 1998.

, Comm unications affichées

N. Czembor, L. &. Giamberini, and J. C. Pihan, Un nouveau dispositif d'évaluation de l'écotoxicité en milieu aquatique par un double test écophysiologique. Colloque européen sur le recours pour la surveillance en continu de la qualité des eaux, 1994.

L. Giamberini, N. Czembor, and J. C. Pihan, Effects of Mexel 432 on pumping and valve activities in zebra mussel : used of a new experimental evaluation system. 7th Internatio nal Zebra Mussel and Aquatic Nuisance Species Conference

N. Czembor, A. Ivîouabad, and J. C. Pihan, Mollusc bivalves as freshwater biolological sensors : application to an antifouling, the Mexel 432, International Conference on Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 1998.

, Le biodétecteur développé dans ce travail a fait I'objet d'un dépôt d'une Enveloppe soleau, n" g4763. 2g awil lgg7. Le Filtrovalvométre

, Abstract

, Aquatic ecotoxicological study of the antifouling MexeP 432. (Optimisation of an ecophysiological test based on the pumping and valve activity of Dreissena polymorpha. Application on the control of this mollusc)

, Laboratory studies on the short-term lethal toxicity of MexeP 432 have lead to a response classification of different species, which is, by decreasing sensibility

, According to these results, residual concentrations lower then 3 mg/l could be used in sequential treatments lasting short periods (less than one hour) In case of continuous treatments, residual concentrations lower than 0.20 mgil could be recommended in order to save organisms not targeted by the compound. Laboratory sublethal toxicity tests, using the 'filtrovalvométre' have permitted to classiff several antifouling substances by their toxicity on pumping and valve activity and also to improve the use of the biomonitoring. The classification, by increasing toxicity is

, injection protocol of Mexel@ and chlorine, and shown that the 'filhovalvométre' could be used in the field At least, an in srz study in the river Moselle has been conducted during spawning of Dreissena polymorpha, uing Mexelo 432 at 4 mùl injected sequentially all 8 hours during 30 minutes. It showed an continuous decrease of macrofouling on the weekly collected slices, situ studies using Mytilus edulis have improved the decrease of macrofouling on the walls after 3 months of study, as well as a growing stop and an increase of adult mortality

, Key words : Dreissena polymorpha -Bivalve -Toxicity -Antifouling -Mexel@ 432 - Biological Early Warning Systems -Pumping -Valve movement

T. De, . De-l-'ijniversite, . De, and . Auteur, , 2001.

. Titre, Etude ecotoxicologique en milieu aquatique du MexeP 432

, Optimisation d'un test ecophysiologique basé sur les activités filtrante et valvaire de Dreissena polynnrpha. Application à la lutte contre ce mollusque)

L. Résumé, étude en laboratoire de la toxicité létale à court terme du MexeP q32 a permis de classer les différentes espèces selon leur sensibilité. Le classement dans I'ordre decroissant de sensibilité suivant a eté obtenu

>. Daphnie, >. Gammare, >. Dreissène, >. Anodonte, >. Corbicule et al.,

, des concenfrations residuelles inférieures ù 3 mll pourraient êfre acceptées en traitement sequentiel pendant des durées tès courtes (moins d'une heure) et dans le cas de fiaitements en continu, une concenfiation residuelle inferieure à 0, En tenant compte de ces résultats

, Les essais de toxicité sublétale realisés en laboratoire au moyen du filtrovalvométre ont permis d'une part de proposer le classement suivant des substances antisalissures, selon une toxicité croissante sur les activites filtrante et valvaire

D. ,

, Les essais réalises in situ avec Mytitus edulis ont permis d'optimiser le protocole d'injection du Mexel@ 432 et du chlore Ces essais ont également permis de montrer que le filtrovalvométre peut être transferé sur site afin d'optimiser I'injection de ces substances. Finalement, l'étude réalisée in situ

, toutes les I heures pendant 30 minutes à la concentration nominale de 4 mgl produit une réduction de l'abondance du macrofouling fxé sur les lames chaque semaine, en nombre d'individus et en biomasse, une réduction de I'abondance du macrofouling fixé sur les parois apres la période expérimentale de 3 mois, Dreissène montrent que le Mexel@ 432 injecté séquentiellement

, Mots-clés : Dreissena polyrnorpha -Bivalve -Toxicité -Substances antisalissures -Mexel@ 432 -Biodétecteur -Filtration -Mouvement valvaire