Howard Hawks, le metteur en scène du grand espace réduit : Rio Bravo, El Dorado et Rio Lobo ou le western clôture

Abstract : Considering Hawks' urban westerns from the unusual angle of space is a seldom tried type of analysis. As a matter of fact only the characters and their deeds have been studied by traditionnal exegis. Yet, by choosing to confine his characters in a urban close and to bound the Americain Western town to a few places - the sheriff's office, the hotel, the saloon and Main Street linking them - Hawks created, in Rio Bravo, El Dorado and Rio Lobo, a both unique and strongly stereotyped space meant to convey something about the characters to the viewer. Indeed, the places only exist in connection to the characters. To the small number of spaces corresponds the small number of characters. This progress of and through space crystallizes the narrative construction. The places that compose the enclosing space are therefore not representational at all. They are not onlly intended to insure the genre verisimilitude but are above all constructive elements of the discourse. In order to understand how the global space organisation is achieved, how the characters relate to one another and to the places, a topography as precise as possible has been designed for each film. Each character's travelling through space has been studied in order to analyse either their achievements programs, or their integration rites. The symbolic dimension that can the granted to the town has been examined, as it is the encompassing space in each film. Finally, as it has been done for the characters, the way the viewer is being moved through the encompassing space, is being restrained within a close to become the privileged partner of the narrative strategy.
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Theses
File URL :
http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_2000_0010_LARSKI_1.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01776249
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:55:34 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 25, 2018 - 1:32:22 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01776249, version 1

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Henri Larski. Howard Hawks, le metteur en scène du grand espace réduit : Rio Bravo, El Dorado et Rio Lobo ou le western clôture. Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université Nancy 2, 2000. Français. ⟨NNT : 2000NAN21010⟩. ⟨tel-01776249⟩

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