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Structure morphosyntaxique et modélisation informatique de la langue malgache

Abstract : This study is intented to provide a first framework for the definition of an electronic dictionary of the Malagasy language to be used in the context of Natural Language Processing components. Our work is based, on the one hand, on a descriptive study of the Malagasy language, and, on the other hand, on the proposition of a computer representation of the corresponding phenomena. Following a preliminary chapter dedicated to a general presentation of the geographical and sociological context, the first part of the thesis presents a thorough analysis of Malagasian terms from the point of view of their morphology and syntactic behaviour. In particular, we describe the various voices and modalities of Malagasian utterances : tense, aspect and mood. The second part of the thesis comprises the formel representation that we associate to the linguistic data that have been previously described, so that a possible implementation can be derived in the form of a parser / generator of Malagasian predicative terms (AGTM). The automatic analysis of a term is based upon the identification of its various constituants, the relations that link these together and the identification of a possible translation in French for the term. Our system can also provide all the possible forms that can be derived from a root, given a set of restrictions provided as input. The thesis comprises several appendixes which present the whole software implemented in Prolog, as well as sample results.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:56:32 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 6, 2021 - 3:02:57 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01776300, version 1



Herizo David Rakotoalimanana. Structure morphosyntaxique et modélisation informatique de la langue malgache. Linguistique. Université Nancy 2, 2000. Français. ⟨NNT : 2000NAN21035⟩. ⟨tel-01776300⟩



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