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Indépendance et citoyenneté dans la république, selon Jefferson

Abstract : To maintain itself, the republic must be a "democratic" one, ruling a society composed of independant producers, particularly of husbandmen, who are "the most independent and the most virtuous citizens". If this assertion has not a realistic, but rather an ideological meaning from a sociological point of view, it is however full of meaning for the philosophical understanding of the concept of republic. The natural right is not of property, but of usufruct of Earth. Man's social nature and moral sense, illuminated by his reason, show to each individual that his true interest converges with the others'. America is the New World, free from inequality, oppression and misery of feodality ; it gives men the opportunity of realizing their natural right to the pursuit of happiness, in and by the republic. The concept of "republic" cannot mean the maintenance of peace between various contendant interests that should be represented as such, but the elaboration of peace as the political link, by the citizens in person, grading the different levels of their power of self-government, from the just and secure administration of their independent farm to the just commerce and social relations of the Ward, County, State, Nation. So the republican self-government cannot be the mask of an oligarchical one, that could only maintain itself through the corruption of society, but only a democratical one, whose positive function is to assure the citizens their rights : enjoyment of the fruit of their industry, instruction, free discussion, leisure.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:00:36 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776457, version 1


Annie Léchenet. Indépendance et citoyenneté dans la république, selon Jefferson. Philosophie. Université Nancy 2, 1998. Français. ⟨NNT : 1998NAN21031⟩. ⟨tel-01776457⟩



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