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Le système des personnages dans les films de Jacques Becker

Abstract : Becker’s films are, first and foremost, character-based. The object of this doctoral thesis therefore is to study how, in his movies' worlds, Becker brings his characters to life and how he makes the spectators believe in the characters' reality. The first part consists in an indexation of the great sociological and geographical typologies of the characters and aims at bringing out these typologies' autobiographical, social and political meanings. The second part shows how Becker’s construction of his characters precedes along lines which are common to all his films, whatever their subjects: his character-building is defined by his refusal to resort to a single hero or protagonist and by his preference for a group-character or a couple-character. this system calls for precise directorial choices so that Becker’s characters come to life through what they "do" more than through what they "are”: this system thus involves a marked preference for lesser-known actors or actors who are not "stars", for a restrained way of acting, for a short digenesis time which helps create the illusion of a temporal continuity and for a clear rejection of a literary way of speaking or of a traditional story-board based on the characters' actions. The last part of the thesis is devoted to an analysis of the constant and changing features in Becker’s representations of men and women as they appear through his films' different characters.
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Claude Naumann. Le système des personnages dans les films de Jacques Becker. Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université Nancy 2, 1996. Français. ⟨NNT : 1996NAN21004⟩. ⟨tel-01776547⟩



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