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Méthode asymptotique numérique pour le calcul des bifurcations : application aux structures élastiques

Abstract : The objective of this thesis is to present numerical algorithms for the detection of bifurcation points, in the framework of Asymptotic-Numerical Methods, which were proposed initially by Damil and Potier-Ferry in 1990. The first section is devoted to a brief review of the bifurcation theory. The notions of branches of solution and singular points are introduced with their caracterisations. Also, there is review of some recent studies on the detection of bifurcations within incremental-iterative methods. The second section is devoted to a review of the asymptotic-numerical methods for computing branches of solution of non-linear problems. Applications are shown for non-linear analysis of elastic thin structures, such as beams, plates and shells. In section three, an asymptotic-numerical procedures is developed for detecting bifurcations on a linear branch. A perturbed equilibrium problem is introduced in order to define a bifurcation indicator, that is well adapted with asymptotic-numerical method which involves to solve several linear problems which have the same stiffness matrix. The improvement of the asymptotic series using Padé approximants is discussed. The method is tested for computing the buckling load of the compressed plate. In section four, the procedure of section three is generalised to a non-linear fundamental branche. Also, after the detection of bifurcation point, the computation of the bifurcating branch is also discussed. Finally, an application for a circular arch is presented
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El-Hassan Boutyour. Méthode asymptotique numérique pour le calcul des bifurcations : application aux structures élastiques. Sciences de l'ingénieur [physics]. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 1994. Français. ⟨NNT : 1994METZ035S⟩. ⟨tel-01776723⟩



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