Problèmes méthodologiques liés à la comparaison internationale des niveaux de vie dans une perspective historique : application à l'Europe de 1820

Abstract : The objective of this thesis is to indentify the methodological problems in international comparisons of life levels in historical perspective and particularly in Europe in 1820. European societies have undergonedeep changes at the beginning of the XIX's implying various consequences on life levels. This thesis is organized in two parts. The first part compares methodologies of specialists like P. Bairoch and A . Maddison. The second part presents and studies P. Bairoch's physical indicators methodology applied in the Europe at the beginning of the XIX's. Two types of result come out of the first part. Fisrt, we show the importance of the aggregation of the output sets on the basis of Purchasing Power Parities (PPA) to convert the sectoral output value to a common currency. Second, new personal methodologies are satisfactory. Moreover, L. Prado's methodology is particularly effective. The second part emphasises physical indicators like efficient in the determination of life level in 1820. We use wheat , agricultural productivity, consumption of coal, iron and cotton, per capita and a set of demographic data. This macroeconomic is completed by a microeconomic study using prices, nominal and real wages. Finaly, the Huma Development Index (version III) shows that United Kingdom's life level was superior of 30% on the French in 1820.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUD_T_2002_0004_MACADRE.pdf
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:08:38 PM
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Catherine Macadré. Problèmes méthodologiques liés à la comparaison internationale des niveaux de vie dans une perspective historique : application à l'Europe de 1820. Economies et finances. Université Nancy 2, 2002. Français. ⟨NNT : 2002NAN20004⟩. ⟨tel-01776927⟩

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