Les politiques sectorielles dans les conventions de Lomé et le développement économique des pays africains : les cas du Gabon et de la Côte d'Ivoire

Abstract : Since the 3rd Lomé agreement, the financing of sector-based policies has become the major form by which the European union provides its support to the financing of the economic development of the ACP countries in general and specially of African countries. The present form of this method is the result of the long process of aid to the development set about by the community since the treaty establishing the EEC. Within the context of the ACP-EU cooperation, the financing of the sector-based policies materializes itself by the settling and the precondition conclusion of indicative programs and of financing agreements. These acts specify the promise took by the EU to finance a sector-based policy freely build by an ACP country. From the legal point of view, these acts are international legal acts. They can be either bilateral (the case of a national sector-based policy) or multilateral acts (the case of a regional sector-based policy). Since the 3rd Lomé agreement, the sector-based policies financing have mobilized an important financial mass, essentially intended to a great variety of sectors. However, despite this huge financial mass, concerning African countries, one can notice that real impact on their economic development process has not followed. So it seems important to wonder on the attitude which has led to their adoption: the synthetic between the "rigid conditions" of the backers and the "unreservedness irresponsible" of the beneficiary government countries. For the time being, this attitude must be accompanied with a true democracy in all ACP countries, essentially African’s. Recognized worldwide as important, democracy must be the first domain towards which the EU must provide its support, precondition to any other form of financial support. The necessity of the institution of this value in African countries can be particularly observed through the two cases of example of Gabon and ivory-coast
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUD_T_1997_0002_MEZUI.pdf
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:09:21 PM
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Laurent Mezui M'Assoumou. Les politiques sectorielles dans les conventions de Lomé et le développement économique des pays africains : les cas du Gabon et de la Côte d'Ivoire. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1997NAN20002⟩. ⟨tel-01777000⟩

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