A. Est-compact-et-présente-une-choroide-fortement-pigmentée, Le cristallin est en contact avec la cornée et la rétine La chambre postérieure de I'oeil est très peu développée, la cornée est épaisse (planche tr, fig. l) A l'âge de 2 jours, la cornée s'amincit (planche II, fig. 2) Al'àge de 7 jours, Ie développement du cristallin se poursuit et la chambre antérieure s'agrandit ; la cornée est encore en contact avec le cristallin (planche II, fig. 3). Azljours, le cristallin et la chambre postérieure sont bien développés (planche tr, frg.4) Parmi les cellules visuelles de la rétine, on n'observe que des cônes à l'éclosion. Les bâtonnets sont absents ainsi que les doublets de cônes (planche III, fig l)

. Le-modèle-exponentiel-de-croissance-qui-traduit-la-masse-moyenne, W1 des perches à un moment t donné en fonction de la masse moyenne M au début de l'élevage, du TCS et de la durée d'élevage Wt: W * exp(TCS * Durée d'élevage) Les coefficients de détermination étant très élevés (R3 > 95 yo), ces modèles peuvent permettre d'effectuer des prévisions qui ne s'écartent pas trop des valeurs expérimentales dans la mesure où les poissons

. Le-modèle-de-croissance-résulte-de-trois-fonctions, La première est une fonction puissance Cf) d" la masse corporelle initiale W @arker et Larkin 1959, p.fr, 1995.

R. La-troisième-fonction-traduit-i-'influence-du-taux-de-nourrissage-dans-la-vitesse-de-croissance, P. A. Bibliographioiies-abi-ayad, and . Kestemont-aqtaanlture, Elle est prise en compte par le QJ : Comparison of the nutritional status of goldfish (Caeassius auratus) laruae fed with live, mixed or dry die, pp.163-176, 1988.

A. G. and S. Espinà, Effect of nitrite on the survival of grass carp, Ctenopltaeyngodon ifulla (VaI.) with relation to chloride, Bull. Erwiron. Connm. Toxicol, vol.52, pp.74-79, 1994.

A. N. and N. S. Alsted, Growth and body composition of turbot (Scophthalmus maeimus L.) in relation to diferent lipid/protein ratios in the diet, pp 479491 LUQLJET @ds) Fish nutrition in practice, 1991.

B. G. Ai{derson and D. L. , Atlas of trout histology. Wyoming Game & Fish Department Bull., (13) : I, 1974.

A. G. and B. D. Hendzel-m, Genetic differences in lipid and dry matter content between strains of rainbow trout (Salmo goirùteri) and their hybrids, Aquacalture, vol.18, pp.253-262, 1979.

A. A. , P. Kestemont, and J. C. Micha-', Nutritional suitability of the rotifers, Brachiorrus calyciflorus Pallas for rearing freshwater fish lawae, J. Appl. Ichtyol, vol.8, pp.263-270, 1992.

B. S. , S. Mcbride, and R. B. Talbot, Swim bladder inflation in lawae of cultured sand whiting, Sillago ciliata Cuvier (Sillaginidae), Aquaculture, pp.177-92, 1994.

B. A. , B. T. Pirie, and J. R. Sargent, tur electron microscopic study of lipid absorption in the pyloric caeca of rainbow trout (Salmo gairùteri) fed wax ester-rich zooplankton, Cell Tissue Res, vol.200, pp.475-486, 1979.

B. A. and P. Cassie&, Biologie animale. Les Cordés, anatomie comparée des Vertébrés, 1987.

B. E. , B. Chatain, D. Coves, and M. Weppe, Contribution à la production intensive de juvéniles de dorade Sparus auratus, pp 223-236, 1984.

B. R. and G. Ribi, Effects of larval density and salinity on the development of perch larvae (Perca fluviatilis L), Aquat. Sci, vol.56, pp.97-105, 1994.

B. M. , R. J. Iienderson, B. J. Pirie, and J. R. Sargent, Growtb gill structure and fatty acid composition of phospholipids in the turbot (Scophthalmus maeimus) rn relation to dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid deficiencies Nutrition and feeding in fish, pp.365-369, 1985.

B. P. , N. Charlon, and H. Durai{te, The effect of compound diets feeding on growth and survival of coregonid lanae, Arch. Hyùobiol. Beih., Ergebn. Limnol, vol.22, pp.265-272, 1986.

B. L. Vorq, A quantitative theory of organic growth, Human Biol, vol.lO, pp.8-213, 1938.

B. P. , R. Hudd, H. Lehtonen, P. Karas, E. Neuman et al., Variations in year-class strength of different perch (Percafluviatilis) populations in the Baltic Sea with special reference to temperature and pollution, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci, vol.48, pp.8-187, 1989.

. Braum-8, The egg and larval phase, pp 179-195) Methods for assessment of fish production in fresh waters, 1971.

B. M. and R. A. Stein, C:ape-dependent lantal foraging and zooplankton size : implications for fish recruitment across systems, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci, vol.5, pp.913-922, 1994.

B. P. and P. A. Sykes, Weaning diets for turbot (Scophthalmus macimus L.), sole (Solea solea) (L.) and cod (Gadus morlrua L.), pp l9l-217 Nutrition and feeding in fish, 1985.

B. P. and K. Dabrowski, Zootechnical parameters, growth and cannibalism in mass propagation of yellow perclç pp 25-26 Workshop on aquaculture of Percids. First meeting of the European workgroup on aquaculture of Percids, Vaasa (Finland), vol.1, 1995.

B. P. , K. Dabrowski, and D. Garling, Nutritional requirements and commercial diets for yellow perctq pp 4243 rilorkshop on aquaculture of Percids. First meeting of the European workgroup on aquaculture of Percids, Vaasa (Finland), 1995.

C. O. , U. H. Hatcii, and . Kinnucai{, Bioeconomic analysis of fish gro\Mth : effects of dietary protein and ration size, pp.223-238, 1990.

C. H. and H. T. Hlifl, Culturing yellow perch under controlled environmental conditions for the upper midwest market, Proc. World MmiatlL Soc, pp.137-144, 1976.

K. D. Carlai{der, Handbook of freshwater fisheries biology. 281 p. WnL C. Brown Co, p.1, 1950.

C. J. , R. O. Sinnhube&, J. D. Wales, and . Lee, Essential fatty acids in the diet of rainbow trout (Salmo gairùteri) : growtb feed conversion and some gross defiency symptoms, J. Nutr, vol.102, pp.77-86, 1972.

C. N. and P. Bergot, Rearing system for feeding fish laryae on dry diets. Trial with carp (Cltprinus carpio L.) larvae. Aqtaculture, pp.4-9, 1984.

C. R. , G. Brun, and G. Olivari, Contribution à l'étude du régime alimentaire, de Ia croissance et de la fecondité de la perche (Perca fluviatitis L.) dans un lac oligotrophe de région tempérée, Rev. Sci. Eau, pp.95-107, 1989.

C. W. and A. Chodorowski, Les besoins nutritifs des alevins de certains poissons carnassiers, SIL Proceedings, 1922-2010, vol.17, issue.2, pp.1082-1089, 1969.
DOI : 10.1080/03680770.1968.11895954

C. W. and A. Chodorowski, Substitution d'??l??ments de la di??te chez les alevins de poissons carnassiers, SIL Proceedings, 1922-2010, vol.10, issue.3, pp.2556-2562, 1975.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1096-3642.1952.tb00318.x

C. A. and K. Dabrowski, Estimation of sperm concentration of rainbow trout, whitefish and yellow perch using a spectrophotometric technique, Aquacalture, vol.109, pp.367-373, 1993.

C. A. , L. Remseyer, and K. Dabrowski, Cryopreservation ofyellow perch semen, Progr. Fish. Cult, vol.55, pp.261-264, 1993.

C. A. Wataniabe, B. L. Ollab, and R. I. Wicklund, Growt[ feed conversion and protein utilization of Florida red tilapia fed isocaloric diets with different protein levels in seawater pools, Aquaanlture, vol.88, pp.75-85, 1990.

C. J. and F. H. Nichols, A von Bertalanfly growth model with seasonally varying coefficient, J. Fish. Res. Board Can, vol.35, pp.1479-1483, 1979.

C. J. and G. L. Lake, Influence of prey type on growth of young yellow perch (Percaflavescens), Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci, vol.44, pp.2-2033, 1987.

C. J. and L. M. Otsryan, Changes in prey rank and preference by young planktivores for short-term and long-term ingestion periods, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci, vol.46, pp.26-1032, 1989.

C. G. , L. Larroquet, G. Maisse, D. B. {c, and S. , Effect of temperature and of dietary lipid source on female broodstock performance and fatty acid composition of the eggs of rainbow trout Fish nutrition in practice, pp.61-66, 1993.

C. , G. , L. Larroquet, and G. F. Medale, Differences in growth rate and fat deposition in three strains of rainbow trout Fish nutrition in practice, pp.67-72, 1993.

C. J. I977a, Seasonal changes in the day and night activity of adult perch, Perca fluviatilisL, J. Fish Biol, vol.ll, pp.6-166

D. K. , D. A. Culver, C. L. Brooks, A. C. Voss, F. P. Binkowski et al., Biochemical aspects of the early life history of yellow perch (Percaflavescens) LUQUET @ds)-Fish nutrition in practice, pp.531-539, 1991.

D. K. , A. Cieresa<o, L. D. Ramseyer, P. Cul\aer, and . Kestemont, Effects of hormonal treatment on induced spermiation and ornrlation in the yellow perch (P erca flave scens), Aquaculture, vol.120, pp.1-7, 1994.

D. K. , R. E. Ciereszko, G. Toth-"-a, S. Ciereszko, and . Christ, Reproductive physiology of yellow perch (Perca flatescens) : environmental and endocrinological cues, pp.8-12, 1995.

D. R. , N. H. Ringler-"-j, and . Ganinon, Influence of nearshore structure on growth and diets of yellow perch (Perca flavescens) and white perch (Morone americaeta) in Mexico bay, Lake Ontario, J. Great Lolces Res, vol.17, issue.2, pp.183-193, 1991.

D. Kimpe, P. , and J. C. Micha-', First guidelines for the culture of Clarias lazera in Central Africa, Aquaculture, vol.4, pp.227-248, 1974.
DOI : 10.1016/0044-8486(74)90036-2

D. Reyes, M. R. , H. H. Arzbach, and E. Braum, In situ development of perch eggs, Perca fluviatilis L. @isces, Percidae) in a small eutrophic lake, Lake plussee, Holsteirq Germany, Int. Rev. gesomten Hyùobiot, vol.77, p.467491, 1992.

D. N. and S. A. Smirnov, Sensory organs of the lateral line canal system in nvo percids and their importance in behaviour, J. Fish. Res. Board Can, vol.34, pp.1492-1503, 1977.

E. H. and H. Bengelsdorf, The structure of the liver of vertebrates, Acta Anot, vol.XIv, issue.4, pp.297-337, 1952.

F. R. and D. Grove, DigestiorL pp 162-24t Fish Physiology Academic press, 1979.

F. Palacios-h, D. Montero, J. Socorro, M. S. Zquierdo, and J. M. Vergara-', First studies on spawning, embryonic and lanral development of Dentex gibbows @afinesque, lSl0) (Osteichthyes, Sparidae) under controlled conditions, pp.63-73, 1994.

F. , J. C. Micha, and . Melard, Comparative growth of Perca fluviatilis lawae fed with enriched and standard, Artemia metanauplii (instar tr), frozen Artemia nauplii and dry food, pp 166-l6g.1n : LA\IENS p., E. JASpERS, I. ROELAI{TS @ds). Larvi'95 -Fish and shellfish larviculture symposium, p.24, 1995.

F. P. , L. Tamazoijzt, and B. Capdeville, Fitness of the perch Perca ftuviatilis L. for ongrowing in floating cages and in recirculated systenL pp 3841 DABROWSKI @ds) Workshop on aquaculture of Percids. First meeting of the European workgroup on aquaculture of Percids, Vaasa (Finland), 1995.

F. T. Tg7g, Laboratory experiments on prey selection by perch fry (Perca fluviatilis), Freshw. Biol, vol.9, p.3343

G. N. and J. Noaillac-depeyre, Structure de I'appareil digestif. I.. Organisatiorq ultrastructure et fonction du tube digestif des téléostéens d'eau douce, Nutrition des poissons. Actes du Colloque C.N.E.R.N.I. CNRS, 1943.

G. C. , J. P. Dubois, and F. Charpentie&, Production de perche en étang à partir d'oeufs collectés dans un grand plan d'eau.Convention INRA-ITAVI, 1991.

G. C. , J. P. Dubois, and S. Bonnet, Influence of temperature and size of females on the timing of spawning of perctr" Perca fluviatilis, in Lake Geneva from, Environ. Biol. Fish, vol.42, issue.4, pp.355-363, 1984.

G. F. \ry, P. D. Man, A. Berndtson, and E. G. Janiowsky, ThE TOIE Of prostaglandins in the control of ovulation in yellow perch" Perca flavescens, Fish Plrysiol. Biochem, vol.7, issue.14, pp.163-168, 1989.

G. J. and B. Marchandise, Etude de faisabilité d'une pisciculture de perche. Rapport final de la convention du 05 Avril 1989 entre la Région Rhône -Alpes et I'Institut Régional de Recherches Appliquées en Aquaculture, 1990.

G. J. , C. Melard, and P. Kestemont, Patholory of perch (P. fluviatilis) .in intensive culture system : a preliminary list of pathogenic agents, pp.56-59, 1995.

G. Gll-"-ti, Mortality, gowth and diet of perch Perca Jhniatilis L. n the Cikola branch system of the Szigetkôz are4 River Danube, Arch. Hydrobiol, vol.2, issue.3, pp.317-327, 1993.

H. J. and A. R. Carlson, Culture of the yellow perch in the laboratory, Prog. Fish Cuh, vol.34, issue.4, pp.195-198, 1972.

H. R. and T. B. Kayes, Yellow Perctq pp 103-114Ed ). culture of nonsalmonid freshwater fishes, 1986.

H. H. and M. Katoh, Low genetic variation in perch (Percafluviatilis L) from three major European drainage systems in Switzerland, Aquat. Sci, vol.57, issue.l, p.19, 1995.

H. K. and C. F. Kleiner, Effects of constant and rising temperatures on the survival and development rates of embryonic and lanral yellow perch Perca flavescens (Mitchill) The early life history of fish, pp.437-448, 1974.

H. K. and W. M. Koenst, Revised estimates of growth requirements and lethal temperature limits ofjuveniles walleyes. prog. Fish cult.,4g, pp.90-94, 1986.

H. G. Lavens, P. Sorgeloos, E. Jaspers, and F. , Larvalfish nutrition and feeding in closed, recirculating culture systems, pp t72 OLLEVIER (EdÙ Laffi'gl. Fish and crustacean landculture symposium, p.15, 1991.

H. H. , H. E. Calbert, and D. A. Stuiber, Etrects of temperature and light on growth of yellow perch and walleye using formulated feed, Trans. Am. Fish. Soc, vol.105, pp.254-258, 1976.

I. T. and M. Tai{aka, The comparative study of the digestive tract of Teleost larvae. Itr. Epithelial cells in the posterior gut of halfbeak laruae, Bull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish, vol.34, p.8, 1968.

J. J. and T. Berg, Food rations and rate of gastric evacuation in brown trout fed pellets, Progr. Fish Cult, vol.55, pp.244-249, 1993.

J. Kiftc, Japan International Cooperation Agency, Kanagawa International Fisheries Training Center) 1983. Inland aquaculture

I. Kiftc, Japan International Cooperation Agency, Kanagawa International Fisheries Training Center) 1987. Aquaculture organisms ofthe world

K. J. , M. J. Lipson, C. H. Wai, and . {g, Ifrstochemical study of the Amphibian digestive tract during normal and thyroxine-induced metamorphosis. I. Alkaline phosphatase, J. Exp. Zool, vol.202, pp.3-120, 1977.

K. B. , H. Si\trth, and A. Yerighina\, The alimentary canal and digestion in Teleosts Advances in marine biology, pp.109-239, 1975.

K. P. and G. Thoresson, An application of a bioenergetics model to Eurasian perch (Percafluviatilis L.), J. Fish Biol, vol.4, pp.217-230, 1992.

K. P. and C. Melard, Quantitative feed requirements of gold fish Cuassius aurotus laruae fed with a mixed diet (Eds) Laffi'gl. Fish and crustacean lanriculture qymposium, pp.157-159, 1991.

K. P. , E. D. Fiogbe, J. C. Parfait, \. C. I\flch, and . Melard, Relation between weaning size, growtll survival and cannibalism in the common perch la;.r1ae Perca flwiatilis : preliminary data European Aquaculture society, 1995.

K. P. , C. Melard, E. Fiogbe, R. Wavonou, G. Masson et al., LATVAT and post-larval rearing of european perch Perca flwiatilis : ontogeny of digestive systerq grouith and nutritional requirements, pp 20-24. 1n : KESTEMONT p., K. DABROWSKI @ds) Workshop on aquaculture of Percids. First meeting of the European workgroup on aquaculture of Percids

K. P. , C. Melard, E. Fiogbe, R. Wavonou, and G. Masson, Nutritional and animal husbandry aspects of rearing early life stages of Eurasian perch Percafluviatilis : ontogeny of digestive system, J. Appl. Ichtlryot, issue.tgg6, pp.2-157, 1996.

K. J. , D. J. Steivart, and D. Weininge&, Apphcations of a bioenergetics model to yellow perch (Percaflarcscens) and walleye (Stizostedion vitreum vitreum), J. Fish. Res. Board Con, vol.34, pp.1922-1935, 1977.

K. K. and K. Fukusho, Rearing of marine fish larvae in Japan, 1984.

L. Cren and E. D. , Exceptionally big individuals in perch populations Abstract Percis II, Second International Percid Fish Symposium, Vaas4 Finland, pp.2-25, 1995.

L. Gallo, J. M. , and J. C. Moreteau, Croissance et productivité d'une population du Sphaerium corneum (L.) @ivalvia : Pisidiidae), Can. J. Zool, vol.66, issue.2, p.439445, 1988.
DOI : 10.1139/z88-063

L. P. , P. Sorgeloos, O. M. Millai\4ena-k, and . Simpson, International study on Artemia. )O(V. Factors determinating the nutritional effectiveness of Artemia : the relative impact of of chlorinated hydrocarbons and essential fatty acids in San Fransisco Bay and San Pablo Bay Artemia, J. Exp. Mm. Biol. Ecol, vol.93, pp.7-82, 1985.

L. Louarn and H. , Les facteurs de croissance chez les poissons d'étang, La pisciculture en étang, pp.223-235, 1980.

L. W. and D. P. Morris, Toxicity of nitrite to fish : a review, Trans. Am. Fish. ,Soc, vol.115, pp.183-195, 1986.

L. D. , O. Sumari, K. S. Nyholm, and . Sirkkomaa5, Genetic and phenotypic variation in production traits in rainbow trout strains and strains crosses in Finland, Aquaculture, pp.33-129, 1983.

L. A. , E. Kleiven, and D. Matzow, Population structure, growth and fecundity of perch (PercafluviatilisL.) in an acidified river system in Southern Norway, Hytuobiol, vol.220, pp.179-180, 1991.

L. E. and C. M. Wahl, A short-wavelength sensitive cone mechanism in juvenile yellow perctg Percaflovescens, Vision Res, vol.31, issue.3, pp.353-360, 1991.

L. E. and E. L. Mills, Visual factors affecting prey recognition and preference by larval yellow perch Perca flavescens. Abstract. Percis II, Second International Percid Fish Symposium, Vaas4 Finland, pp.2-25, 1995.

M. A. and A. I. Mtchell, Identification of gustatory feeding stimulants for fish-applications in aquaculture Nutrition and feeding in fish The freshwater aquaculture book. A handbook for small scale fish culture in North America, pp.177-189, 1984.

M. J. , T. B. Kayes, B. D. Cody, C. H. An4undson, and B. C. Wentwortii, Sexual differenciation and use of hormones to control sex in yellow perch (Perca flovercens). Can, J. Fish. Aqoot. Sci, vol.43, pp.26-35, 1986.

M. J. and J. A. Iield, Etrects of fish size at harvest, initiat stocking density and tank lighting conditions on the habituation of pond-reared yellow perch @erca flartescens) to intensive culture conditions, Aquaculture, vol.104, pp.67-79, 1992.

M. J. , L. S. Procarione, J. A. Held, T. B. Kayes, and C. H. \{undson, The influence of triploidy and heat and hydrostatic pressure shocks on the growth and reproductive development ofjuvenile yellow perch (Percaflavescens) Aquocalture, pp.721-123, 1993.

M. W. Quigley-j, Determination of Operating Parameter Values for Water Reuse Aquaculture. Bio-Engineering Symposium for Fish Culture, FCS Pubt, vol.1, pp.97-103, 1981.

M. , .. E. , J. A. Malison, T. B. Kayr, S. et al., Hanesting photopositive juvenile fish from a pond using a lift net and light, Aquacalture, vol.34, pp.57-164, 1983.

M. C. and M. N. Duray, Microbound lanral feed as supplement to live food for milkfish (chonos chanos Forsskal) lanrae, pp 175-177 Larvi'gl. Fish and crustacean larviculture qymposium, Spec. publ., 1s), 1991.

M. R. and M. Martojai, Irutiation aux techniques de I'histologie animate, 1967.

M. M. and D. L. Garling, Effect of feed color on feed acceptance and gowth of walleye fingerlings, Prog. Fish Cult, vol.4, pp.306-309, 1986.

M. J. and S. Li, Feeding habits of walleye larvae and juveniles : comparative laboratory and field srudies, Trdns. Am. Fish.,Soc, vol.lll, pp.722-735, 1982.

M. C. and J. C. Phillipart, Essai d'élevage semi-intensif en bassin d'alevins de perche fluviatile (Perca fluviatilis) obtenus par reproduction artificielle, Cah. Ethol. Appl, vol.a, issue.1, pp.9-66, 1984.

M. C. , P. Kestemont, and J. C. Grignard, Intensive ongrowing of European perch juveniles (Perca fluviatilis) : zootechnical parameters and growtb pp 34-37 Workshop on aquaculture of Percids. First t42 meeting of the European workgroup on aquaculture of Percids, Vaasa (Finland), pp.23-24

M. C. , P. Kestemont, and E. Baras, Premiers résultats de l'élevage intensif de la perche européenne (Percafluviatilis) en bassin : effet de la température et du tri sur la croissance, Bull. Fr. Pêche Piscic, vol.336, pp.19-27, 1995.

M. R. and Y. Hollocou, Incorporation de quelques probiotiques dans l'alimentation du juvénile de bar (Dicentrarclrus labrae), pp 429432 Fish nutrition in practice, p.61, 1991.

M. , .. L. , J. L. Confer, and R. C. Ready, Prey selection by young yellow perch : the influence of capture success, visual acuity, and prey choice, Trans. Am. Fish. Soc, vol.3, pp.579-587, 1984.

M. E. , V. P. Michael, R. E. Siierman, and T. B. Culver, Interrelationships between prey body size and growth of age-O yellow perch, Trans. Am. Fish.,Soc, vol.118, p.10, 1989.

M. R. , P. Bass, L. Wallace, A. B. Molna&, . V. Easthaivi et al., The effect of salinity on the survival and growth of striped mullet (Mugil cephalus) lanrae in the hatchery, Aquaculture, vol.96, pp.249-254, 1991.

N. B. and W. C. Leggett, Daily ration of yellow perch (Percaflavescens) from lake Memphremagog, Quebec-Vermont, with a comparison of methods for in situ determinations, Fish. Res Bowd Can, vol.35, pp.1597-1603, 1978.

N. J. and N. Gas, Ultrastructural and cytochemical study of the gastric epithelium in a fresh water Teleostean frsh (Perca flaviatilis), Tissae Cell, vol.0, pp.23-37, 1978.

N. J. and N. Gas, Structure and function of the intestinal epithelial cells in the Perch (Percaflwiatilis), Arnt. Rec, vol.195, pp.621-640, 1979.

P. L. and P. A. Larkin, A concept of growth in fishes, J. Fish. Res. Board Can, vol.16, pp.721-745, 1959.

P. C. Tonn, Etrects of prey size, abundance, and population structure on piscivory by yellow perch, Trans. Am. Fish. Soc, vol.123, issue.6, pp.855-865, 1994.

P. D. and G. Gaschutz, A simple model for fiuing oscillating length growrh data with a progr.ùm for pocket calculators, p.26, 1979.

P. C. and R. C. Hai\, A comparison of non-linear growth models for fisheries, Fish. Res, vol.ll, pp.143-154, 1991.

P. S. and T. L. Meade, Protective effect of chloride on nitrite toxicity to coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch), J. Fish. Res Board Can, vol.34, p.486492, 1977.

P. Le-rtfyet and J. , L'élevage des poissons plats : sole, turbot, pp 667-71I, Aquaculture, vol.2, 1986.

P. Le-ri-ryet, J. , C. L. Fisciier, and . Thebaud, Sea bass (Dicentrwclrus labrae) weaning and ongrowing onto sevbar, pp 623-628 Fish nutrition in practice, Biarritz (Fr.), vol.61, pp.623-628, 1991.

P. T. and P. D. Mcdonald, Two models for seasonal growth in fishes, Appl. Ecol, vol.10, issue.2, pp.599-606, 1973.

P. O. and L. A. Sytina\, Food and feeding relations of Eurasian perch Perca fluviatilis, and pikeperch Stizostedion lucioperca in various waters of the U, S.S.R. .I. Fish. Res. Board Can, vol.34, pp.1559-1570, 1977.

P. J. and D. O. Evans, Experimental evidence of size dependent predation mortality in juvenile yellow perch. Con, J. Zool, vol.67, pp.521-523, 1989.

P. J. and D. J. Mcqljeen, Variability in first-year growth of yellow perch (Perca flavescens): predictions from a simple model, observations, and an experiment, Ctt. J. Fish. Aquat Sci, vol.5, pp.2501-2512, 1994.

P. M. , E. L. Mills, and J. L. Forney, Diet, growth and potential competitive interactions between age-O white perch and yellow perch in Oneida Lake, Trans. Am. Fish. Soc, vol.9, pp.966-975, 1990.

P. R. and L. L. Si\flttl, Early life history of the yellow perclq Perca flavescens (Mitchix) in the red lakes Minnesota, Trans. Am. Fish. soc, vol.4, pp.249-260, 1955.

R. M. and J. Raitaniem, The growth of perch Perca fluviatilis L., in recently acidified lakes of southern Finland. A comparison with unaffected waters, Arch. Hydrobiol. Llz, issue.3, pp.387-397, 1988.

R. G. and R. Austin, Experimental diets for intensive culture of yellow perch, Prog. Fish Cult, vol.42, issue.l, pp.29-31, 1980.

R. J. and P. A. Cochran, Independent evaluation of a bioenergetics model for largemouth bass, pp.732-739, 1984.

R. L. and F. Chapleau, Study of a stunted population of yellow perch (Perca flavescens) in a monospecific lake in Gatineau Parlq Quebec, Can. J. Zool, vol.72, pp.1576-1582, 1994.

R. A. and J. V. Tarazona, Ntrite induced methemoglobin formation and recovery in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchrus mykiss) at high chloride concentrations, Bull. Ewiron. Contam. Toxicol, vol.53, issue.1, pp.3-19, 1994.

R. Rôsch and H. Segner, Development of dry food for lantae of Coregomts lmtwetus L. I. Growtlq food digestion and fat absorption, Aquaculnre, vol.9, pp.101-115, 1990.

S. D. , L. G. Rudstam, and . Post, Gape limitation and prey selection in larval yellow perch (Perca flavescens), freshwater drum (Aplodinotus grunniens) and black crappie (Pomoxis nigromacalatus). Con, J. Fish. Aquat. Sci, vol.48, pp.1919-1925, 1991.

S. E. , T. B. Kayes, and H. E. Calbert, Comparative growth of male versus female yellow perch fingerlings under controlled environmental conditions, pp.181-186, 1978.

S. M. and N. P. Makarova-', Fatness and growth of perch from some water basins of Russia. Abstract. Percis II, Second International Percid Fish Symposium, Vaas4 Finland, pp.2-25, 1995.

S. 8. , J. H. \illliamson, G. J. Carmichael, and J. R. Tomasso, Culture of nonsalmonid freshwater fishes, Centrarchids, pp.73-89, 1986.

S. R. , H. L. Kincaid, J. M. Regenstein, and G. L. Rumsey, Growttç carcass compositiorL and taste of rainbow trout of different strains fed diets containing primarily plant or animal protein, Aquaculture, pp.0-309, 1988.

S. P. , E. B. Ryt, P. La\aens, P. P. Leger, D. Vaniiaecke et al., The use of the brine shrimp Artemia in crustacean hatcheries and nurseries, pp.7-96, 1983.

S. D. , D. Weininger, D. V. Rottiers, and T. A. Edsall, An energetics model for lake trout, Salvelimts : application to lake Mchigan population, 1983.

S. H. and K. R. Dabrowski, Morphological and physiological aspects of the digestive system and feeding in fresh-water fish lanrae, Nutrition des poissons. Actes du Colloque C.N.E.RN.I. CNRS : paris, pp.355-376, 1979.

S. H. Van-der, L. P. Meer, and . Timmermans, Regional tunctional differenciation in the gut of the grass carp Ctenopharytgodon idella (Val.). Histochem, pp.235-249, 1979.

T. T. and T. Watanabe, Nutritive value of ro3 highty unsaturated fatty acids in pollock liver oil for rainbow rrout, Bull. Jpn. soc. sci. Fish, vol.42, pp.907-919, 1976.

T. T. and T. Watanabe, Effect of eicopentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in pollock liver oil on growth and fatty acid composition of rainbow trout, Bult. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish, vol.43, pp.947-953, 1977.

T. T. and T. Watanabe, Requirement of carp for essential fatty acrds, Bull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish, vol.43, pp.541-551, 19776.

T. T. , S. Satoi-!-t, and . Watanabe, Essential fatty acids for Titapia nilotica, Bull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish, vol.49, p.1134, 1983.

T. L. , J. P. Dubois, and P. Fontaine, Production et marché actuels de la perche (Perca fluviatilis) enEurope, Piscic. Fr, vol.4, pp.4-8, 1993.

T. L. , P. Fontaine, and D. , Décalage de la période de reproduction de la perche commune (Percafluviatilrs) en eau recyclée, Ichthyol. Acta, vol.7, p.2940

V. P. and P. Sorgeloos, International study on Artemia XD( : Hatching data for ten sources of brine strimp cysts and re-evaluation of the'hatching efficicency' concept, pp.43-52, 1983.

V. J. , E. H. Eding, G. R. Rao, F. Huskens, and H. Segner, Feeding strategies and nutritional physiolory in early life of Clariid catfishes, pp 12-13Larvi'gl. Fish and crustecean lanriculture symposium, 1991.

V. J. , J. Coppoolse, and H. Segner, The effect of low HLIFA-and high HUFA-enriched Artemia, fed at different feeding levels, on growttq survival, tissue fatty acids and liver histology of Claeias gaeiepimts lanrae, AEtaanlture, vol.126, pp.137-150, 1994.

\. D. , P. Leger, P. Lavens, and P. Sorgeloos, L'utilisation d'Artemia, pp 239-257, Aquaculture, 1986.

W. R. Masson-g and . Moreteau-j-c, Elevage intensif de la perche fluviatile Perca flaviatilis L. : situation actuelle et perspectives Actes du Colloque Pluridisciplinaire'La qualité de I, In Amiard Triquet C. et Hamon T, pp.65-68, 1996.

W. R. Masson-g and . Moreteau-j-c, Alimentation laruaire de la perche Perca fluviatilis avec Artemia salina, Annales des Journées Techniques des 22 et 23 féwier, pp.101-105, 1995.

W. C. , E. L. Mills, W. N. Mcfarland, and J. S. Degisi, Ontogenetic changes in prey selection and visual acuity of the yellow perch pery, Percaflavescens. Can, J. Fish. ' Aquat.,Scr, vol.50, issue.4, pp.743-749, 1993.

W. N. and R. Eckmann, Effects of temperature and food density on egg development, lanral survival and growth of perch (PercafluviatilisL.). Aquaculture,l22, 1994.

W. T. Takeuchi-t, Evaluation of pollock liver oil as a supplement to diets for rainbow trout, Bull. Jpn. Soc. Fish, vol.42, pp.993-906, 1976.

W. , I. T. , F. C. Oowa, . S. Kitajima5, and . Fuita5, Nutritional qualiry of brine shrimp Artemia salina, as a living feed from the viewpoint of essentiùfafiy acids for fish, Bull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish, vol.44, p.5, 1978.

W. W. , J. H. , C. J. Di, R. I. Nihaivi, B. L. Wicklijnd et al., Culture of Florida red tilapia in marine cages : the effect of stocking and dietary protein on growth, Aquacalture, vol.0, pp.123-134, 1990.

W. A. London, W. G. , and W. T. Yasutake, Growth and ecology of fish populations.2g3 p. Academic press Prevention and treatment of nitrite toxicity in juvenile steelhead trout (Salmo gairdneri), J. Fish. Res. Board Can, vol.35, issue.6, pp.24-27, 1972.

S. and A. Janicki, Summer feeding patterns of white perclq channel catfislt and yellow perch in the Susquehanna River, Maryland, J. Freshw. Ecol, p.391405, 1990.

W. and J. Leonard, Intensive culture of yellow perch with emphasis on development of eggs and fry, Am. Fish. soc. spec. publ, vol.ll, pp.172-176, 1978.

M. W. and N. Medgyesy, Metabolic rate and cost of gowth in juvenile pike (Esox lucius L.) and perch (Percaflwiatilis L.) : the use of energy budgets as indicators of environmental change, Oecologia, vol.87, pp.500-505, 1991.

T. A. and W. C. Mackey, Foragng in yellow perctr, Perca flavescens '. biological and physical factors afecting diel periodicity in feeding, consumption, and movement, Erwiron. Biol. Fish, vol.34, pp.287-303, 1992.

W. B. and F. J. Ward, Size selection of Daphnia pulicaeia by yellow perch (Perca flavescens) û.y in West Blue Lake, Manitoba. J. Fish. Res. Board Can, vol.29, pp.176-1764, 1972.

Z. H. , J. Maiti{y, \. R. Pector, and F. Ollevier, The effect of dietary salt (NaCD supplementation on the growth survival and food conversion rate of african catfish (Clarias gariepimts B.) lanrae, pp 160-163 Lanli'gl. Fish and crustacean laruiculture symposium, European aquaculture society :. Gent, Belgium. (Spec. publ, p.15, 1991.

E. Aeijiil, G. Ritter, and . Ribi, Spawning and egg developmentof Percafluviatilisin LakeZnt',ch, Aquat. Sci, vol.51, issue.2, pp.100-107, 1989.

Z. I. , M. Boccignone, G. B. Palmegiano, M. Anselmino, G. Benatti et al., Meal timing and feeding level : efect on performances in rainbow trout, pp 297-300EdÙ Fish nutrition in practice, INRA : Paris, 1991.