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L'affectio societatis, critère de validité et de qualification du contrat de société

Abstract : The affectio societatis remains a useful notion. The judges and the authors take into account its presence to determine the nullity, the fictivité and the qualification of "company" or "partner". The affectio societatis is a criterium used on two plans. On one side, the affectio societatis is a criterion of validity of the social orders. In its absence, the nullity of the company can be pronounced and the fictivité of the grouping can be recognized. In contrast, its presence returns more than doubtful the validity of companies created in sleep. On the other hand, the affectio societatis is a criterion of qualification of the contract. In the first place, it intervenes to establish the existence of companies devoid of moral personality. Secondly, it intervenes to distinguish the company of the other forms of common property, groupings (association, G.I.E., syndicate) or of contracts (work, loan, lease, sale, mandate, franchising, concession, enterprise, publishing, collaboration). The moldable characteristic of the affectio societatis not preventing inevitably from confining it, a proposition of definition can be made : the affectio societatis is the will to integrate a group, endowed or not with the legal personality and in whom each will collaborate actively with the other members or the organs in the march of the business, in the realization of a new and common economic objective, at the same time as each will contribute to the risks of the company.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:17:54 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01777331, version 1



Ivan Tchotourian. L'affectio societatis, critère de validité et de qualification du contrat de société. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007NAN20012⟩. ⟨tel-01777331⟩



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