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Le processus d’interaction comme attracteur dans la coordination temporelle entre les personnes

Abstract : Social interactions are mostly seen as information exchanges during which individual mental states follow each other. How could we, accordingly, be « toghether » and share a moment ? In this thesis, we took a perspective focused on the temporal coordinations of interpersonal behaviors as they occur in the course of interactions, by studying the phenomenon of embodied collective dynamics. Such dynamics manifest coordinates behaviors mutually and emerge from the interaction process itself. To evaluate this hypothesis, we devised three experimental paradigms. We used a general methodology in which three typical situations are distinguished : the individual situation in which participants possess all the capacities to pursue the goal of the task, a pseudo-social situation in which behavior can be coordinated to the mouvement of an other, and a situation in which the interaction is mutual. In the first experiment, we showed the mutuality of interaction was sufficient to induce participants, whose behaviors were caught in collective dynamics unbeknownst to them. Then, we showed that mutuality of interaction was enhancing the stability of rhythmic interactions as well as the complexity matching between their behaviors. Finally, we showed that, in despite of a temporary structured environment, mutuality of interaction induced a slight more coordinated temporal organization of behaviors. We discuss these results in respect of our object of research and our theoretical background
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Submitted on : Friday, February 1, 2019 - 2:25:22 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02003928, version 1


Julien Laroche. Le processus d’interaction comme attracteur dans la coordination temporelle entre les personnes. Psychologie. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0365⟩. ⟨tel-02003928⟩



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