G. Cardone, A. Cirri, A. Corradi, and L. Foschini, The participact mobile crowd sensing Living Lab: The testbed for smart cities, Commun. Mag. IEEE, vol.52, pp.78-85, 2014.

E. Cosgrave, K. Arbuthnot, and T. Tryfonas, Living Labs, innovation districts and information marketplaces: A systems approach for smart cities, Procedia Comput. Sci, vol.16, pp.668-677, 2013.

L. Dupont, L. Morel, J. Hubert, and C. Guidat, Study case: Living Lab Mode for urban project design: Emergence of an ad hoc methodology through collaborative, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01332260

L. Dupont, L. Morel, and M. Pallot, Exploring the Appropriateness of Different Immersive Environments in the Context of an Innovation Process for Smart Cities, 22nd ICE/IEEE International Technology Management Conference, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01331887

S. Eräranta, SITUATION AWARENESS IN URBAN PLANNING -Case: Mobility Planning Decision-making in Otaniemi campus and T3 area, AALTO UNIVERSITY, School of Arts, Design and Architecture, 2013.

M. Naphade, G. Banavar, C. Harrison, J. Paraszczak, and R. Morris, A functional mock-up for a group decision-making tool supporting argument and negotiation process, non défini. 7.1.2. Web-based, vol.44, pp.32-39, 2011.

, A proposal of group Decision Support Systems tool supporting argument and negotiation process

!. Erreur and ;. .. Signet-non-défini, Erreur ! Signet non défini. 7.2.2. A web-based consensus support system

. .. Conclusion, non défini. xcvii References 13e Foum-Les Interconnectes-Le réseau des territoires innovants, 2016.

F. Abastante, I. Lami, P. Lombardi, F. Abastante, I. M. Lami et al., An Integrated Participative Spatial Decision Support System for Smart Energy Urban Scenarios: A Financial and Economic Approach, Buildings, vol.7, 2017.

M. H. Abbasi, B. Majidi, and M. T. Manzuri, Deep cross altitude visual interpretation for service robotic agents in smart city, 6th Iranian Joint Congress on Fuzzy and Intelligent Systems, CFIS 2018, pp.79-82, 2018.

L. Abberley, N. Gould, K. Crockett, and J. Cheng, Modelling road congestion using ontologies for big data analytics in smart cities, 2017 International Smart Cities Conference (ISC2), pp.1-6, 2017.

M. Abdel-basset and M. Mohamed, The role of single valued neutrosophic sets and rough sets in smart city: Imperfect and incomplete information systems, Measurement, vol.124, pp.47-55, 2018.

M. Abu-elkheir, H. S. Hassanein, and S. M. Oteafy, Enhancing emergency response systems through leveraging crowdsensing and heterogeneous data, 2016 International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC), pp.188-193, 2016.

G. Agugiaro, Enabling "energy-awareness" in the semantic 3D city model of Vienna, 1st International Conference on Smart Data and Smart Cities, 2016.

H. Ahvenniemi, A. Huovila, I. Pinto-seppä, and M. Airaksinen, What are the differences between sustainable and smart cities?, Cities, vol.60, pp.234-245, 2017.

F. Alam, R. Mehmood, I. Katib, and A. Albeshri, Analysis of Eight Data Mining Algorithms for Smarter Internet of Things (IoT), Procedia Comput. Sci, vol.98, pp.437-442, 2016.

S. Alawadhi, A. Aldama-nalda, H. Chourabi, J. R. Gil-garcia, S. Leung et al., Building understanding of smart city initiatives, 11th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Government, pp.40-53, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01543596

A. Bezerra, S. Jackson-dos-santos, F. Rogerio-pinheiro, P. Rocha-barbosa, and F. , Dynamic Evaluation of the Energy Efficiency of Environments in Brazilian University Classrooms Using DEA, vol.9, 2017.

Z. Allam and Z. A. Dhunny, On big data, artificial intelligence and smart cities, Cities, vol.89, pp.80-91, 2019.

Z. Allam and P. Newman, Redefining the Smart City: Culture, Metabolism and Governance. Smart Cities, vol.1, pp.4-25, 2018.

E. Almirall, M. Lee, and J. Wareham, Mapping Living Labs in the Landscape of Innovation Methodologies, Technol. Innov. Manag. Rev, vol.2, pp.12-18, 2012.

S. Alonso, F. Chiclana, and F. Herrera, A Consensus Model for Group Decision Making with Incomplete Fuzzy Preference Relations, IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst, vol.15, pp.0-13, 2007.

M. H. Amini, M. P. Moghaddam, and O. Karabasoglu, Simultaneous allocation of electric vehicles' parking lots and distributed renewable resources in smart power distribution networks, Sustain. Cities Soc, vol.28, pp.332-342, 2017.

G. Anadiotis, E. Hatzoplaki, and K. Tsatsakis, A Data Model for Energy Decision Support Systems for Smart Cities -The Case of BESOS Common Information Model, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Smart Cities and Green ICT Systems. SCITEPRESS -Science and and Technology Publications, pp.51-59, 2015.

T. Anagnostopoulos, A. Zaslavsky, I. Sosunova, P. Fedchenkov, A. Medvedev et al., A stochastic multi-agent system for Internet of Things-enabled waste management in smart cities, Waste Manag. Res, vol.36, pp.1113-1121, 2018.

L. Anthopoulos and P. Fitsilis, Using Classification and Roadmapping techniques for Smart City viability's realization, Electron. J. e-Government, vol.11, pp.326-336, 2013.

L. Anthopoulos, V. Gerogiannis, and P. Fitsilis, Supporting the Solution Selection for a Digital City with a Fuzzy-based Approach, International Conference on Knowledge Management and Information Sharing, 2011.

T. Bakici, E. Almirall, and J. Wareham, A Smart City Initiative: The Case of Barcelona, J. Knowl. Econ, vol.4, pp.135-148, 2013.

D. Ballas, What makes a 'happy city, Cities, vol.32, pp.39-50, 2013.

P. Ballon, J. Pierson, and S. Delaere, Test and Experimentation Platforms for Broadband Innovation: Examining European Practice, 16th International Telecommunications Society Europe Conference, 2005.

S. Barns, Mine your data: open data, digital strategies and entrepreneurial governance by code, Urban Geogr, vol.37, pp.554-571, 2016.

M. Bartolozzi, P. Bellini, P. Nesi, G. Pantaleo, and L. Santi, A Smart Decision Support System for Smart City, 2015 IEEE International Conference on Smart City/SocialCom/SustainCom (SmartCity), pp.117-122, 2015.

M. Batty, K. W. Axhausen, F. Giannotti, A. Pozdnoukhov, A. Bazzani et al., Smart cities of the future, Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top, vol.214, pp.481-518, 2012.

M. Beccali, M. Cellura, and M. Mistretta, Decision-making in energy planning. Application of the Electre method at regional level for the diffusion of renewable energy technology, Renew. Energy, vol.28, issue.03, pp.102-104, 2003.

P. Bellini, P. Nesi, M. Paolucci, and I. Zaza, Smart City Architecture for Data Ingestion and Analytics: Processes and Solutions, 2018 IEEE Fourth International Conference on Big Data Computing Service and Applications (BigDataService), pp.137-144, 2018.

B. Bergvall-kåreborn, D. Howcroft, A. Ståhlbröst, and A. M. Wikman, Participation in Living Lab: Designing Systems with Users, in: Human Benefit through the Diffusion of Information Systems Design Science Research, pp.317-326, 2010.

D. Bhattacharya and M. Painho, Smart Cities Intelligence System (SMACiSYS) Integrating Sensor Web with Spatial Data Infrastructures (sensdi), ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci. IV-4, vol.3, pp.21-28, 2017.

J. D. Blair, Strategies for assessing andmanaging organizational stakeholders, Acad. Manag. Perspect, vol.5, pp.61-75, 1991.

F. Bliek, A. Noort, . Van-den, B. Roossien, R. Kamphuis et al., PowerMatching City , a living lab smart grid demonstration, IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, 2010.

S. Gothenberg, , pp.1-8

C. Butler and A. Rothstein, On conflict and consensus: A handbook on formal consensus decisionmaking, 2007.

S. Cajot, A. Mirakyan, A. Koch, and F. Maréchal, Multicriteria decisions in urban energy system planning: A review, Front. Energy Res, vol.5, 2017.

G. Cardone, A. Cirri, A. Corradi, and L. Foschini, The participact mobile crowd sensing living lab: The testbed for smart cities, Commun. Mag. IEEE, vol.52, pp.78-85, 2014.

R. Carli, M. Dotoli, G. Andria, and A. M. Lanzolla, Bi-level programming for the strategic energy management of a smart city, EESMS 2016 Workshop on Environmental, Energy, and Structural Monitoring Systems, pp.1-6, 2016.

R. Carli, M. Dotoli, and R. Pellegrino, A Hierarchical Decision-Making Strategy for the Energy Management of Smart Cities, IEEE Trans. Autom. Sci. Eng, vol.14, pp.505-523, 2017.

E. Cascetta and F. Pagliara, Public Engagement for Planning and Designing cxxii Transportation Systems, Procedia -Soc. Behav. Sci, vol.87, pp.103-116, 2013.

F. Cavallaro, An Integrated Multi-Criteria System to Assess Sustainable Energy Options: An Application of the Promethee Method, 2011.

J. Chai, J. N. Liu, and E. W. Ngai, Application of decision-making techniques in supplier selection: A systematic review of literature, Expert Syst. Appl, vol.40, pp.3872-3885, 2013.

N. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. You, H. Ling, P. Liang et al., Dynamic Urban Surveillance Video Stream Processing Using Fog Computing, 2016 IEEE Second International Conference on Multimedia Big Data (BigMM), pp.105-112, 2016.

F. Chiclana and F. Herrera, Integrating multiplicative preference relations in a multipurpose decision-making model based on fuzzy preference relations, Fuzzy Sets Syst, vol.122, pp.277-291, 2001.

N. Chowdhary and P. D. Kaur, Increasing Route Availability in Internet of Vehicles Using Ant Colony Optimization, ICAICR: International Conference on Advanced Informatics for Computing Research, pp.318-331, 2017.

S. Cities, Transforming 21st Century city via the creative use of technology, ARUP, 2010.

S. J. Cork and W. Proctor, Implementing a Process for Integration Research: Ecosystem Services Project, Australia. J. Res. Pract, vol.1, p.6, 2005.

H. J. Corsair, J. B. Ruch, P. Q. Zheng, B. F. Hobbs, and J. F. Koonce, Multicriteria Decision Analysis of Stream Restoration: Potential and Examples, Gr. Decis. Negot, vol.18, pp.387-417, 2009.

E. Cosgrave, K. Arbuthnot, and T. Tryfonas, Living labs, innovation districts and information marketplaces: A systems approach for smart cities, Procedia Comput. Sci, vol.16, pp.668-677, 2013.

G. Crawford and C. Williams, A note on the analysis of subjective judgment matrices, J. Math. Psychol, vol.29, pp.90002-90003, 1985.

, Agglomeration project of the Greater Nancy, 2011.

G. D'aniello, M. Gaeta, and F. Orciuoli, An approach based on semantic stream reasoning to support decision processes in smart cities, Telemat. Informatics, vol.35, pp.68-81, 2018.

F. A. D'asaro, M. A. Di-gangi, V. Perticone, and M. E. Tabacchi, Computational Intelligence and Citizen Communication in the Smart City, Informatik-Spektrum, vol.40, pp.25-34, 2017.

H. De-bruijn, E. Heuvelhof, and R. Veld, Process management: Why project management fails in complex decision making processes, Second, 2010.

C. De-maio, G. Fenza, V. Loia, and F. Orciuoli, Distributed online Temporal Fuzzy Concept Analysis for stream processing in smart cities, J. Parallel Distrib. Comput, vol.110, pp.31-41, 2017.

G. Desanctis and R. B. Gallupe, A Foundation for the Study of Group Decision Support Systems, Manage. Sci, vol.33, pp.589-609, 1987.

S. Digiesi, G. Mossa, G. Mummolo, and R. Verriello, A carbon footprint calculator for the municipal waste collection system of Bari, pp.165-172, 2015.

Q. Dong and O. Cooper, A peer-to-peer dynamic adaptive consensus reaching model for the group AHP decision making, Eur. J. Oper. Res, vol.250, pp.521-530, 2016.

M. J. Santos, Smart cities and urban areas-Aquaponics as innovative urban agriculture. Urban For. Urban Green, vol.20, pp.402-406, 2016.

C. Dowling, S. Walsh, and S. Purcell, Operationalising Sustainability within Smart Cities: Towards an Online Sustainability Indicator Tool, Int. J. ofE-Planning Res, vol.4, pp.1-17, 2017.

L. Dupont, Transfert du génie industriel vers l'ingénierie urbaine : vers une approche collaborative des projets urbains, 2009.

L. Dupont and G. Arbelaez, , 2017.

L. Dupont, G. Arbelaez, C. Guidat, and F. Mayer, , 2017.

L. Dupont, V. Gholipour, L. Morel-guimaraes, J. Bignon, and C. Guidat, From Urban Concept to Urban Engineering: The Contribution of Distributed Collaborative Design to the Management of Urban Projects, J. Urban Des, vol.17, pp.255-277, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00734951

L. Dupont, C. Guidat, L. Morel, and N. Skiba, The role of mock-ups in the anticipation of the user experience within a living lab: An empirical study, 2015 IEEE International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation/ International Technology Management Conference, ICE/ITMC 2015. IEEE, pp.1-8, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01332219

L. Dupont, L. Morel, and C. Guidat, Innovative public-private partnership to support Smart City: the case of "Chaire REVES, J. Strateg. Manag, vol.8, pp.245-265, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01332233

L. Dupont, L. Morel, J. Hubert, and C. Guidat, Study case: Living Lab Mode for urban project design: Emergence of an ad hoc methodology through collaborative innovation, 2014 International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation: Engineering Responsible Innovation in Products and Services, pp.1-9, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01332260

L. Dupont, L. Morel, and M. Pallot, Exploring the Appropriateness of Different Immersive Environments in the Context of an Innovation Process for Smart Cities, 22nd ICE/IEEE International Technology Management Conference, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01331887

H. El-sayed, S. Sankar, M. Prasad, D. Puthal, A. Gupta et al., Edge of Things: The Big Picture on the Integration of Edge, IoT and the Cloud in a cxxiv Distributed Computing Environment, IEEE Access, vol.6, pp.1706-1717, 2018.

M. R. Endsley, Toward a Theory of Situation Awareness in Dynamic Systems, Hum. Factors J. Hum. Factors Ergon. Soc, vol.37, pp.32-64, 1995.

M. R. Endsley and D. G. Jones, Designing for Situation Awareness An Approach to User-Centered Design Second Edition, 2016.

. Enoll, Living Labs Roadmap, 2007.

A. Enrique, C. Francisco, L. Gabrie, and . Hrsg, Smart Cities -Stakeholders Aproach-Survey on smart city definitions, First International Conference, 2016.

S. Eräranta, SITUATION AWARENESS IN URBAN PLANNING -Case: Mobility Planning Decision-making in Otaniemi campus and T3 area, AALTO UNIVERSITY, School of Arts, Design and Architecture, 2013.

S. Eräranta and A. Staffans, From Situation Awareness to Smart City Planning and Decision Making, International Conference on Computers in Urban Planning and Urban Management, 2015.

M. Eriksson, V. Niitamo, N. Oyj, and S. Kulkki, State-of-the-art in utilizing Living Labs approach to user-centric ICT innovation -a European approach, Technology, vol.1, pp.1-13, 2005.

J. Eskelinen, I. Lindy, J. Marsh, and A. Muente-kunigami, Citizen-Driven Innovation A guidebook for city mayors and public administrators, First. ed, A guidebook for city mayors and public administrators, 2015.

A. T. Espinoza-pérez, M. Camargo, P. C. Narváez-rincón, and M. Alfaro-marchant, Key challenges and requirements for sustainable and industrialized biorefinery supply chain design and management: A bibliographic analysis, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev, vol.69, pp.350-359, 2017.

S. P. Eswaran, S. Sripurushottama, and M. Jain, Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) based Spectrum Moderator for Fog-Assisted Internet of Things, Procedia Comput. Sci, vol.134, pp.399-406, 2018.

E. Fabbiani, P. Vidal, R. Massobrio, and S. Nesmachnow, Distributed Big Data Analysis for Mobility Estimation in Intelligent Transportation Systems, Communications in Computer and Information Science, 2016.

. Springer, , pp.146-160

E. Fadda, L. Gobbato, G. Perboli, M. Rosano, and R. Tadei, Waste Collection in Urban Areas: A Case Study. Interfaces (Providence), vol.48, pp.307-322, 2018.

M. Fahad, O. Boissier, P. Maret, N. Moalla, and C. Gravier, Smart places : Multi-agent based smart mobile virtual community management system, Appl. Intell, vol.41, pp.1024-1042, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01015456

D. Fedyanin and Y. Vershinin, On Distributed Reflexive Complex Mechanisms of Decision-making in a Transportation System of a Smart city, Int. J. Eng. Technol, vol.7, 2018.

J. Ferber, H. Addison, and W. Longman, Multi-Agent System: An Introduction to Distributed Artificial Intelligence, vol.Reading, 1999.

F. G. Filip, Decision support and control for large-scale complex systems, IFAC Proc, vol.11, pp.2-12, 2007.

A. Følstad, Living Labs for innovation and development of information and communication technology: a literature review, Electron. J. Virtual Organ. Networks, vol.10, 2008.

V. Fontana, A. Radtke, V. Bossi-fedrigotti, U. Tappeiner, E. Tasser et al., Comparing land-use alternatives: Using the ecosystem services concept to define a multi-criteria decision analysis, Ecol. Econ, vol.93, pp.128-136, 2013.

J. P. Foucault and Y. Moulier-boutang, Towards economic and social "sensors": Condition and model of governance and decision-making for an organological smart city, 2015 International Conference on Smart and Sustainable City and Big Data (ICSSC), pp.106-112, 2015.

R. E. Freeman, Strategic management : a stakeholder approach, 2010.

F. Frößler, B. Rukanova, A. Higgins, S. Klein, and Y. Tan, Inter-Organisational Network Formation and Sense-Making: Initiation and Management of Public-Private Collaboration, 20th Bled EConference EMergence: Merging and Emerging Technologies, Processes, and Institutions, p.33, 2007.

G. Gabriel and M. Maher, Coding and modelling communication in architectural collaborative design, Autom. Constr, vol.11, pp.199-211, 2002.

T. Ghaemi-rad, A. Sadeghi-niaraki, A. Abbasi, and S. M. Choi, A methodological framework for assessment of ubiquitous cities using ANP and DEMATEL methods, Sustain. Cities Soc, vol.37, pp.608-618, 2018.

M. Gheibi, M. Karrabi, A. Mohammadi, and A. Dadvar, Controlling air pollution in a city: A perspective from SOAR-PESTLE analysis, Integr. Environ. Assess. Manag, vol.14, pp.480-488, 2018.

D. Ghosh, S. Ae-chun, B. Shafiq, and N. R. Adam, Big Data-based Smart City Platform: Real-Time Crime Analysis, Proceedings of the 17th International Digital Government Research Conference on Digital Government Research, pp.58-66, 2016.

M. Giacobbe, R. Di-pietro, A. Longo-minnolo, and A. Puliafito, Evaluating information quality in delivering IoT-As-A-Service, 2018 IEEE International Conference on Smart Computing, pp.405-410, 2018.

T. T. Giang, M. Camargo, L. Dupont, and F. Mayer, A review of methods for modelling shared decision-making process in a smart city living lab, 2017 International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation: Engineering, Technology and Innovation Management Beyond 2020: New Challenges, New Approaches, ICE/ITMC, pp.189-194, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01723983

I. Giannouli, C. Tourkolias, C. Zuidema, A. Tasopoulou, S. Blathra et al.,

N. Koutsomarkos, A methodological approach for holistic energy planning using the living lab concept: The case of the prefecture of karditsa, Eur. J. Environ. Sci, vol.8, pp.14-22, 2018.

R. Giffinger, Smart cities -Ranking of European medium-sized cities, 2007.

L. M. Gomez and L. Vargas-preciado, Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Governance, Developments in Corporate Governance and Responsibility, 2017.

W. T. Griffith and J. W. Brosing, The physics of everyday phenomena: a conceptual introduction to physics, 2012.

D. Haase, N. Larondelle, E. Andersson, M. Artmann, E. Gomez-baggethun et al., A Quantitative Review of Urban Ecosystem Service Assessments : Concepts , Models , and Implementation, Ambio, vol.43, pp.413-433, 2014.

L. Hakkarainen and S. Hyysalo, How Do We Keep the Living Laboratory Alive ? Learning and Conflicts in Living Lab Collaboration, Technol. Innov. Manag. Rev. December, pp.16-22, 2013.

P. Harmon, R. Maus, and W. Morrissey, Expert systems : tools and applications, 1988.

C. Hendriks, Sustainable construction, 2001.

M. Hendy, . El, S. Miniaoui, and H. Fakhry, Towards strategic information & communication technology (ICT) framework for smart cities decision-makers, 2nd Asia-Pacific World Congress on Computer Science and Engineering, pp.1-7, 2015.

C. Hermans, J. Erickson, T. Noordewier, A. Sheldon, and M. Kline, Collaborative environmental planning in river management : An application of multicriteria decision analysis in the White River Watershed in Vermont, J. Environ. Manage, vol.84, pp.534-546, 2007.

E. Herrera-viedma, F. Javier, J. Kacprzyk, and W. Pedrycz, A review of soft consensus models in a fuzzy environment, Inf. Fusion, vol.17, pp.4-13, 2014.

F. Herrera, E. Herrera-viedma, and J. Verdegay, A sequential selection process in group decision making with a linguistic assessment approach, Inf. Sci. (Ny), vol.85, pp.223-239, 1995.

K. V. Hindriks, C. Jonker, and D. Tykhonov, Towards an Open Negotiation Architecture for Heterogeneous Agents, Cooperative Information Agents XII, pp.264-279, 2008.

W. Hou, Z. Ning, and L. Guo, Green Survivable Collaborative Edge Computing in Smart Cities, IEEE Trans. Ind. Informatics, vol.14, pp.1594-1605, 2018.

S. Huntley, M. Lavoie, I. Canada, I. Maceachern, C. Sage et al., SmartCapital Evaluation Guidelines-Performance Measurement and Assessment of SmartCapital, Ottawa's Smart Community Demonstration Project, 2003.

M. Ibrahim, A. El-zaart, and C. Adams, Stakeholders Engagement in Smart Sustainable Cities: A Proposed Model, Int. Conf. Comput. Appl. ICCA, vol.2017, pp.342-347, 2017.

M. M. Iqbal, M. T. Mehmood, S. Jabbar, S. Khalid, A. Ahmad et al., An enhanced framework for multimedia data: Green transmission and portrayal for smart traffic system, Comput. Electr. Eng, vol.67, pp.291-308, 2018.

B. Jackson, T. Pagella, F. Sinclair, B. Orellana, A. Henshaw et al., Polyscape: A GIS mapping framework providing efficient and spatially explicit landscape-scale valuation of multiple ecosystem services, Landsc. Urban Plan, vol.112, pp.74-88, 2013.

P. James, Urban Sustainability in Theory and Practice, Circles of Sustainability, 2015.

M. L. Jannoyer, F. Le-bellec, C. Lavigne, R. Achard, and E. Malézieux, Choosing cover crops to enhance ecological services in orchards: A multiple criteria and systemic approach applied to tropical areas, Procedia Environ. Sci, vol.9, pp.104-112, 2011.

J. Ju, L. Liu, and Y. Feng, Citizen-centered big data analysis-driven governance intelligence framework for smart cities, Telecomm. Policy, vol.42, pp.881-896, 2018.

S. Juujärvi and K. Pesso, Actor Roles in an Urban Living Lab : What Can We Learn from Suurpelto , Finland ? Technol, Innov. Manag. Rev, pp.22-27, 2013.

N. Kabisch, Ecosystem service implementation and governance challenges in urban green space planning-The case of, vol.42, pp.557-567, 2015.

Z. Kapelan and G. A. Walters, Decision-support tools for sustainable urban development, Proc. Inst. Civ. Eng. -Eng. Sustain, vol.158, pp.135-142, 2005.

M. A. Kaulio, Customer, consumer and user involvement in product development: a framework and a review of selected methods, Total Qual. Manag, vol.9, pp.141-149, 1998.

Z. Khan, A. Anjum, K. Soomro, and M. A. Tahir, Towards cloud based big data analytics for smart future cities, J. Cloud Comput, vol.4, 2015.

Z. Khan and S. L. Kiani, A Cloud-Based Architecture for Citizen Services in Smart Cities, 2012 IEEE Fifth International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing. IEEE, pp.315-320, 2012.

F. Khandokar, A. Bucchiarone, M. Mourshed, A. Bucchiarone, and F. Khandokar, SMART: A process-oriented methodology for resilient smart cities, 2016 IEEE International Smart Cities Conference (ISC2), pp.1-6, 2016.

N. Khansari, A. Mostashari, and M. Mansouri, Conceptual modeling of the impact of smart cities on household energy consumption, Procedia Comput. Sci, vol.28, pp.81-86, 2014.

N. Khansari, B. B. Silverman, Q. Du, J. B. Waldt, W. W. Braham et al., An agent-based decision tool to explore urban climate & smart city possibilities, in: 11th Annual IEEE International Systems Conference, pp.0-5, 2017.

S. N. Kinawy, T. E. El-diraby, and H. Konomi, Customizing information delivery to project stakeholders in the smart city, Sustain. Cities Soc, vol.38, pp.286-300, 2018.

C. Klein and G. Kaefer, From Smart Homes to Smart Cities: Opportunities and Challenges from an Industrial Perspective, in: Next Generation Teletraffic and Wired/Wireless Advanced Networking, pp.260-260, 2008.

W. Knight, Fake America great again. MIT, Technol. Rev. is Threat. our Democr, 2018.

L. Koschke, C. Fürst, S. Frank, and F. Makeschin, A multi-criteria approach for an integrated land-cover-based assessment of ecosystem services provision to support landscape planning, Ecol. Indic, vol.21, pp.54-66, 2012.

P. Kosmides, E. Adamopoulou, K. Demestichas, M. Theologou, M. Anagnostou et al., Socially aware heterogeneous wireless networks, Sensors (Switzerland), vol.15, pp.13705-13724, 2015.

M. Kraemer, D. Ludlow, and Z. Khan, Domain-Specific Languages For Agile Urban Policy Modelling, ECMS 2013 27th European Conference on Modelling and Simulation. ECMS, pp.673-680, 2013.

J. Kuljis and R. J. Paul, An appraisal of web-based simulation: whither we wander?, Simul. Pract. Theory, vol.9, pp.37-54, 2001.

M. Kulju and V. Oksman, Developing online illustrative and participatory tools for urban planning: towards open innovation and co-production through citizen engagement, Int. J. Serv. Technol. Manag, vol.23, p.445, 2017.

F. Kurniawan, A. P. Wibawa, . Munir, S. M. Nugroho, and M. Hariadi, Makassar smart city operation center priority optimization using fuzzy multi-criteria decision-making, 2017 4th International Conference on Electrical Engineering, pp.1-5, 2017.

T. Kvan, Collaborative design: what is it?, Autom. Constr, vol.9, pp.409-415, 2000.

J. Lacroix, L. Dupont, C. Guidat, and G. Hamez, Smarterized" urban project process with living lab approach: Exploration through a case study, 2017 International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation: Engineering, Technology and Innovation Management Beyond 2020: New Challenges, New Approaches, ICE/ITMC, pp.592-600, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01723984

J. Langemeyer, E. Gómez-baggethun, D. Haase, S. Scheuer, and T. Elmqvist, Bridging the gap between ecosystem service assessments and land-use planning through Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis ( MCDA ), Environ. Sci. Policy J, vol.62, pp.45-56, 2016.

C. Larson, Who needs democracy when you have data? MIT, Technol. Rev. is Threat. our Democr, vol.50, 2018.

J. Latorre-biel, J. Faulin, E. Jiménez, and A. A. Juan, Simulation Model of Traffic in Smart Cities for Decision-Making Support: Case Study in Tudela, cxxix Second International Conference, pp.144-153, 2017.

G. C. Lazaroiu and M. Roscia, Definition methodology for the smart cities model, Energy, vol.47, pp.326-332, 2012.

C. Lee and B. Chen, Mutually-exclusive-and-collectively-exhaustive feature selection scheme, Appl. Soft Comput, vol.68, pp.961-971, 2018.

V. Lehmann, M. Frangioni, and P. Dubé, Living Lab as knowledge system: an actual approach for managing urban service projects?, J. Knowl. Manag, vol.19, pp.1087-1107, 2015.

S. Leminen and M. Westerlund, Incremental and radical service innovation in living labs, Transcultural Marketing for Incremental and Radical Innovation, 2014.

P. Levén and J. Holmström, Consumer co-creation and the ecology of innovation : a living lab approach, The 31st Information Systems Research Seminar, 2008.

A. Ligtenberg, A. K. Bregt, M. Wachowicz, A. Beulens, D. Kettenis et al., Simulating knowledge sharing in spatial planning : an agentbased approach, Enviroment Plan. B Plan. Des, vol.36, pp.644-664, 2009.

A. Ligtenberg, M. Wachowicz, A. K. Bregt, A. Beulens, and D. L. Kettenis, A design and application of a multi-agent system for simulation of multi-actor spatial planning, J. Environ. Manage, vol.72, pp.43-55, 2004.

Y. Liu, H. Wang, and G. Tzeng, From Measure to Guidance: Galactic Model and Sustainable Development Planning toward the Best Smart City, J. Urban Plan. Dev, vol.144, 2018.

D. Loorbach, Transition management for sustainable development: A prescriptive, complexity-based governance framework, Governance, vol.23, pp.161-183, 2010.

J. Lu and D. Ruan, Multi-objective group decision making: methods, software and applications with fuzzy set techniques, 2007.

S. Lu, J. Cai, W. Burkett, and F. Udwadia, A methodology for collaborative design process and conflict analysis, CIRP Ann, vol.49, pp.69-73, 2000.

L. Lugaric and S. Krajcar, Transforming cities towards sustainable low-carbon energy systems using emergy, Energy Policy, vol.98, pp.471-482, 2016.

C. Macharis, L. Milan, S. Verlinde, T. B. &-s.v.-r.-in, and S. Verlinde, A stakeholder-based multicriteria evaluation framework for city distribution, Res. Transp. Bus. Manag, vol.11, pp.75-84, 2014.

C. Macharis, L. Turcksin, and K. Lebeau, Multi actor multi criteria analysis (MAMCA) as a tool to support sustainable decisions: State of use, Decis. Support Syst, vol.54, pp.610-620, 2012.

D. Maktav, C. Jurgens, A. Siegmund, F. Sunar, H. Esbah et al., Multi-criteria spatial decision support system cxxx for valuation of open spaces for urban planning, Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Recent Advances in Space Technologies -RAST2011. IEEE, Istanbal, Turkey, pp.160-163, 2011.

L. Manqele, R. Adeogun, M. Dlodlo, and L. Coetzee, Multi-objective Decision-Making Framework for Effective Waste Collection in Smart Cities, 2017.

C. Marinovici, H. Kirkham, and S. Widergren, The vision of a smart city, 2nd International Life Extension Technology Workshop, 2000.

L. Martinez and J. Montero, Challenges for improving consensus reaching process in collective decisions, New Math. Nat. Comput, vol.03, pp.203-217, 2007.

R. O. Mason and I. I. Mitroff, Challenging strategic planning assumptions : theory, cases, and techniques, 1981.

F. Mata, L. Martínez, and E. Herrera-viedma, An adaptive consensus support model for group decision-making problems in a multigranular fuzzy linguistic context, IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst, vol.17, pp.279-290, 2009.

I. S. Mayer, E. M. Van-bueren, P. W. Bots, H. Van-der-voort, and R. Seijdel, Collaborative decisionmaking for sustainable urban renewal projects: A simulation -Gaming approach, Environ. Plan. B Plan. Des, vol.32, pp.403-423, 2005.

M. Mcneese, E. Salas, and M. R. Endsley, New trends in cooperative activities : understanding system dynamics in complex environments, 2001.

J. L. Meza, M. B. Yildirim, and A. S. Masud, A Model for the Multiperiod Multiobjective Power Generation Expansion Problem, IEEE Trans. Power Syst, vol.22, pp.871-878, 2007.

A. S. Mih?i??, L. Dupont, and M. Camargo, Multi-objective traffic signal optimization using 3D mesoscopic simulation and evolutionary algorithms, Simul. Model. Pract. Theory, vol.86, pp.120-138, 2018.

M. Marttunen, Description of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA), 2010.

J. A. Miller, P. A. Fishwick, S. J. Taylor, P. Benjamin, and B. Szymanski, Research and commercial opportunities in Web-Based Simulation, Simul. Pract. Theory, vol.9, pp.55-72, 2001.

R. K. Mitchell, B. R. Agle, and D. J. Wood, Toward a Theory of Stakeholder Identification and Salience: Defining the Principle of who and What Really Counts, Acad. Manag. Rev, vol.22, pp.853-886, 1997.

D. Mitsova, W. Shuster, and X. Wang, A cellular automata model of land cover change to integrate urban growth with open space conservation, Landsc. Urban Plan, vol.99, pp.141-153, 2011.

N. Mohamed, J. Al-jaroodi, and I. Jawhar, Service-Oriented Big Data Analytics for Improving Buildings Energy Management in Smart Cities, 14th International Wireless Communications & Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC), 2018.

C. Limassol, , pp.1243-1248

B. T. Mokoena, W. Musakwa, and T. Moyo, Developing the Well-Located Land Index to Establish Smart Human Settlements for the Ekurhuleni Municipality, South Africa, pp.95-112, 2017.

H. Mora, R. Pérez-delhoyo, J. Paredes-pérez, and R. Mollá-sirvent, Analysis of Social Networking Service Data for Smart Urban Planning, Sustainability, vol.10, 2018.

V. Moreno, J. A. Ferrer, J. A. Díaz, D. Bravo, and V. Chang, A Data-Driven Methodology for Heating Optimization in Smart Buildings, The 2nd International Conference on Internet of Things, Big Data and Security, pp.19-29, 2017.

F. Mosannenzadeh, M. R. Di-nucci, and D. Vettorato, Identifying and prioritizing barriers to implementation of smart energy city projects in Europe: An empirical approach, Energy Policy, vol.105, pp.191-201, 2017.

M. N. Mouchili, S. Aljawarneh, and W. Tchouati, Smart City Data Analysis, The First International Conference on Data Science, E-Learning and Information Systems, 2018.

I. Mulder, D. Velthausz, and M. Kriens, The living labs harmonization cube: Communicating living lab's essentials, Electron. J. Virtual Organ. Networks, vol.10, pp.1-14, 2008.

G. Munda, Social multi-criteria evaluation: Methodological foundations and operational consequences, Eur. J. Oper. Res, vol.158, pp.662-677, 2004.

T. Nam and T. A. Pardo, Smart city as urban innovation: Focusing on management, policy, and context, Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance -ICEGOV '11, pp.185-194, 2011.

M. Naphade, G. Banavar, C. Harrison, J. Paraszczak, and R. Morris, Smarter cities and their innovation challenges, Computer (Long. Beach. Calif), vol.44, pp.32-39, 2011.

J. Neumann and O. Morgenster, Theory of games and economic behaviour, 1944.

V. Oikonomou, P. G. Dimitrakopoulos, and A. Y. Troumbis, Incorporating Ecosystem Function Concept in Environmental Planning and Decision Making by Means of Multi-Criteria Evaluation: The Case-Study of Kalloni, Environ. Manage, vol.47, pp.77-92, 2011.

M. Okumura, K. Fujita, and T. Ito, An Implementation of Collective Collaboration Support System Based on Automated Multi-agent Negotiation, pp.125-141, 2013.

. Oliveira and M. Campolargo, From smart cities to human smart cities, Proc. Annu. Hawaii Int. Conf. Syst. Sci, 2015.

R. Olszewski and A. Turek, Application of the Spatial Data Mining Methodology and cxxxii Gamification for the Optimisation of Solving the Transport Issues of the "Varsovian Mordor, DMBD: International Conference on Data Mining and Big Data, pp.103-114, 2016.

C. Or?owski, Rule-Based Model for Selecting Integration Technologies for Smart Cities Systems, Cybern. Syst, vol.45, pp.136-145, 2014.

C. Or?owski, A. Zió?kowski, A. Orlowski, P. Kaplanski, T. Sitek et al., Designing aggregate KPIs as a method of implementing decision-making processes in the management of smart cities, Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XXV, pp.29-42, 2018.

F. Osorio, L. Dupont, M. Camargo, P. Palominos, J. I. Peña et al., Design and management of innovation laboratories: Toward a performance assessment tool, Creat. Innov. Manag, 2019.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01987047

O. Beiler, M. R. Phillips, and B. , Prioritizing Pedestrian Corridors Using Walkability Performance Metrics and Decision Analysis, J. Urban Plan. Dev, vol.142, 2016.

M. Pallot, B. Trousse, B. Senach, and D. Scapin, Living Lab Research Landscape : From User Centred Design and User Experience towards User Cocreation, Technol. Innov. Manag. Rev, vol.1, pp.19-25, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00612632

I. Palomares and L. Martinez, A Semi-Supervised Multi-Agent System Model to support Consensus Reaching Processes, IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst, vol.22, pp.762-777, 2013.

I. Palomares, F. J. Quesada, and L. Martínez, Multi-agent-Based Semi-supervised Consensus Support System for Large-Scale Group Decision Making, 2014.

I. Papastamatiou, H. Doukas, and J. Psarras, An Information Management Software for assessing smart energy systems exploiting cities' multidisciplinary data, IISA 2014 -5th International Conference on Information, Intelligence, Systems and Applications, pp.285-290, 2014.

H. L. Partridge, Developing a human perspective to the digital divide in the "smart city, Australian Library and Information Association Biennial Conference, 2004.

K. Paskaleva, I. Cooper, P. Linde, B. Peterson, and C. Götz, Public Administration and Information Technology, ham, Stakeholder Engagement in the Smart City: Making Living Labs Work, pp.115-145, 2015.

M. Pavan and R. Todeschini, Multicriteria Decision-Making Methods, Compr. Chemom. Chem. Biochem. Data Anal, vol.1, pp.591-629, 2009.

G. V. Pereira, G. Eibl, C. Stylianou, G. Martínez, H. Neophytou et al., The Role of Smart Technologies to Support Citizen Engagement and Decision Making, Int. J. Electron. Gov. Res, vol.14, pp.1-17, 2019.

G. V. Pereira, M. A. Macadar, E. M. Luciano, and M. G. Testa, Delivering public value through open government data initiatives in a Smart City context, Inf. Syst. Front, vol.19, pp.213-229, 2017.

G. Pleßmann, M. Erdmann, M. Hlusiak, and C. Breyer, Global energy storage demand for a 100% renewable electricity supply, Energy Procedia, pp.22-31, 2014.

D. J. Power and R. Sharda, Model-driven decision support systems: Concepts and research directions, Decis. Support Syst, vol.43, pp.1044-1061, 2007.

H. Prendinger, K. Gajananan, A. Bayoumy-zaki, A. Fares, R. Molenaar et al., Tokyo Virtual Living Lab: Designing Smart Cities Based on the 3D Internet, IEEE Internet Comput, vol.17, pp.30-38, 2013.

S. A. Rahimi, A. Ruiz, and D. Ait-kadi, Application of FCM for advanced risk assessment of complex and dynamic systems, Int. Fed. Autom. Control Conf, vol.49, 1910.

A. A. Rahman, J. Jin, A. Cricenti, A. A. Rahman, and M. Panda, Motion and Connectivity Aware Offloading in Cloud Robotics via Genetic Algorithm, GLOBECOM 2017 -2017 IEEE Global Communications Conference, pp.1-6, 2017.

A. N. Raikov, Strategic Planning of Science City Socioeconomic Development, DTGS: International Conference on Digital Transformation and Global Society, pp.295-306, 2017.

E. L. Rall and D. Haase, Creative intervention in a dynamic city: A sustainability assessment of an interim use strategy for brownfields in, Landsc. Urban Plan, vol.100, pp.189-201, 2011.

M. H. Rasmy, S. M. Lee, A. El-wahed, W. F. Ragab, A. M. El-sherbiny et al., An expert system for multiobjective decision making: application of fuzzy linguistic preferences and goal programming, Fuzzy Sets Syst, vol.127, pp.201-210, 2002.

P. Rios, Creating "The Smart City, 2012.

C. O. Rolim, A. G. De-moraes-rossetto, V. R. Leithardt, G. A. Borges, C. F. Geyer et al., A novel engine to underlie the data transmission of social urban sensing applications, 2015 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communication (ISCC), pp.677-682, 2015.

A. Rondini, A. Lagorio, R. Pinto, and G. Pezzotta, A multi-criteria decision making approach for prioritising product-service systems implementation in smart cities, Int. J. Manag. Decis. Mak, vol.17, p.415, 2018.

R. W. Ruhlandt, The governance of smart cities: A systematic literature review, Cities, vol.81, pp.1-23, 2018.

X. Ruiz, L. Calvet, J. Ferrarons, and A. Juan, SmartMonkey: A Web Browser Tool for Solving Combinatorial Optimization Problems in Real Time, FIM 2015: Applied Mathematics and Computational Intelligence, pp.74-86, 2018.

T. Saaty and P. De-paola, Rethinking Design and Urban Planning for the Cities of the Future, Buildings, vol.7, 2017.

T. L. Saaty, The analytic hierarchy process : planning, priority setting, resource allocation, 1990.

T. L. Saaty, How to make a decision: The analytic hierarchy process, Eur. J. Oper. Res, vol.48, pp.9-26, 1990.

M. K. Saggi and S. Jain, A survey towards an integration of big data analytics to big insights for value-creation, Inf. Process. Manag, vol.54, pp.758-790, 2018.

W. Salet, L. Bertolini, and M. Giezen, Complexity and uncertainty: Problem or asset in decision making of mega infrastructure projects?, Int. J. Urban Reg. Res, vol.37, 1984.

A. Sanayei, S. Farid-mousavi, and A. Yazdankhah, Group decision making process for supplier selection with VIKOR under fuzzy environment, Expert Syst. Appl, vol.37, pp.24-30, 2010.

V. Sanchez-anguix, V. Julian, V. Botti, and A. Garcia-fornes, Reaching Unanimous Agreements Within Agent-Based Negotiation Teams With Linear and Monotonic Utility Functions, IEEE Trans. Syst. Man, Cybern. Part B, vol.42, pp.778-792, 2012.

V. Sánchez-anguix, V. Julián, V. Botti, and A. García-fornes, Studying the impact of negotiation environments on negotiation teams' performance, Inf. Sci. (Ny), vol.219, pp.17-40, 2013.

S. Sanon, T. Hein, W. Douven, and P. Winkler, Quantifying ecosystem service trade-offs: The case of an urban floodplain in Vienna, Austria. J. Environ. Manage, vol.111, pp.159-172, 2012.

M. Sarkar, S. Banerjee, Y. Badr, and A. K. Sangaiah, Configuring a Trusted Cloud Service Model for Smart City Exploration Using Hybrid Intelligence, Int. J. Ambient Comput. Intell, vol.8, pp.1-21, 2017.

H. Schaffers, N. Komninos, M. Pallot, B. Trousse, M. Nilsson et al., Smart Cities and the Future Internet: Towards Cooperation Frameworks for Open Innovation, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00949037

. Springer, , pp.431-446

D. Schuurman, L. De-marez, and P. Ballon, The Impact of Living Lab Methodology on Open Innovation Contributions and Outcomes, Technol. Innov. Manag. Rev, vol.1, pp.7-16, 2016.

W. S. Schwenk, T. M. Donovan, W. S. Keeton, and J. S. Nunery, Carbon storage, timber production, and biodiversity: comparing ecosystem services with multi-criteria decision analysis, Ecol. Appl, vol.22, pp.1612-1627, 2012.

J. Sell, T. Koellner, O. Weber, L. Pedroni, and R. W. Scholz, Decision criteria of European and Latin American market actors for tropical forestry projects providing environmental services, Ecol. Econ, vol.58, pp.17-36, 2006.

J. Sell, T. Koellner, O. Weber, W. Proctor, L. Pedroni et al., Ecosystem cxxxv services from tropical forestry projects -The choice of international market actors. For. Policy Econ, vol.9, pp.496-515, 2007.

Y. Simmhan, P. Ravindra, S. Chaturvedi, M. Hegde, and R. Ballamajalu, Towards a data-driven IoT software architecture for smart city utilities, Softw. Pract. Exp, vol.48, pp.1390-1416, 2018.

U. Sivarajah, O. Markaki, P. Waller, C. Metelmann, K. Meissner et al., Fostering smart cities through ICT driven policy-making: Expected outcomes and impacts of DAREED project, Int. J. Electron. Gov. Res, vol.10, pp.1-18, 2014.

N. Skiba, Processus d'innovation centrée utilisateur: identification des besoins et interprétation des données issues de l'intégration des utilisateurs au processus de conception, 2014.

W. S. Spangler, J. T. Kreulen, Y. Chen, L. Proctor, A. Alba et al., A smarter process for sensing the information space, IBM J. Res. Dev, vol.54, pp.1-13, 2010.

Z. Srdjevic, M. Lakicevic, and B. Srdjevic, Approach of Decision Making Based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process for Urban Landscape Management, Environ. Manage, vol.51, pp.777-785, 2013.

A. Ståhlbröst and M. Holst, The Living Lab Methodology Handbook 76, 2012.

P. Stefanic, D. Kimovski, G. Suciu, and V. Stankovski, Non-functional requirements optimisation for multi-tier cloud applications: An early warning system case study, 2017 IEEE SmartWorld, Ubiquitous Intelligence & Computing, Advanced & Trusted Computed, Scalable Computing & Communications, Cloud & Big Data Computing, Internet of People and Smart City Innovation, pp.1-8, 2017.

J. M. Tapia, A Comparative Study on Consensus Measures in Group Decision Making, Int. J. Intell. Syst, vol.33, pp.1624-1638, 2018.

F. Terribile, A. Agrillo, A. Bonfante, and G. Buscemi, A Web-based spatial decision supporting system for land management and soil conservation, Solid Earth Discuss, vol.7, pp.661-709, 2015.

F. Terribile, F. Terribile, A. Agrillo, A. Bonfante, G. Buscemi et al., A Web-based spatial decision supporting system for land management and soil conservation, Solid Earth, vol.6, pp.903-928, 2015.

F. Toledo-rojas, Analyse d'impacts du lancement de procédés innovants: Application des théories multicritères pour une évaluation robuste, 2014.

S. Torabi-moghadam, J. Toniolo, G. Mutani, and P. Lombardi, A GIS-statistical approach for assessing built environment energy use at urban scale. Sustain, Cities Soc, vol.37, pp.70-84, 2018.

L. Torres, V. Pina, and B. Acerete, E-Governance Developments in European Union Cities : Reshaping Government ' s Relationship with Citizens 19, pp.277-302, 2006.

E. Vallejo, C. Criado, E. Arrizabalaga, and A. Vasallo, Sustainable Strategic Urban Planning: Methodology for Urban Renovation At District Level, ISES Solar World Congress 2017-IEA SHC International Conference on Solar Heating and Cooling for Buildings, pp.1-12, 2017.

K. H. Van-dam, I. Nikolic, and Z. Lukszo, Agent-Based Social Systems, 2012.

N. J. Van-eck and L. Waltman, Software survey: VOSviewer, a computer program for bibliometric mapping, Scientometrics, vol.84, pp.523-538, 2010.

C. Veeckman, S. Graaf, and . Van-der, The City as Living Laboratory : Empowering Citizens with the Citadel Toolkit, vol.5, pp.6-17, 2015.

C. Veeckman, S. Graaf, and . Van-der, The City As Living Labortory: A Playground for the Innovative Development of Smart City Applications, 2014 International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation (ICE), pp.1-10, 2014.

C. Veeckman, D. Schuurman, S. Leminen, and M. Westerlund, Linking Living Lab Characteristics and Their Outcomes: Towards a Conceptual Framework, Technol. Innov. Manag. Rev, vol.3, pp.6-15, 2013.

G. Walker, P. Devine-wright, S. Hunter, H. High, and B. Evans, Trust and community: Exploring the meanings, contexts and dynamics of community renewable energy, Energy Policy, vol.38, pp.2655-2663, 2010.

E. Wang, S. Attard, Y. Everingham, B. Philippa, and W. Xiang, Smarter irrigation management in the sugarcane farming system using internet of things, The 40th Annual Conference of the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, pp.117-122, 2018.

S. Wang, J. Wu, and Y. Zhang, Consumer preference-enabled intelligent energy management for smart cities using game theoretic social tie, Int. J. Distrib. Sens. Networks, vol.14, p.155014771877323, 2018.

G. Weiss, Multiagent systems : a modern approach to distributed artificial intelligence, 1999.

W. Wey, Smart Growth Principles Combined with Fuzzy AHP and DEA Approach to the Transit-oriented Development (TOD) Planning in Urban Transportation Systems, J. Energy Technol. Policy, vol.3, pp.251-258, 2013.

J. P. Wijbenga, P. Macdougall, R. Kamphuis, T. Sanberg, and E. Klaassen, Multi-Goal Optimization in PowerMatching City : A Smart Living Lab, IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies, pp.1-5, 2014.

W. Winston and J. Goldberg, Operations research: applications and algorithms, 2004.

I. Winz, G. Brierley, and S. Trowsdale, The Use of System Dynamics Simulation in Water Resources Management in Water Resources Management, Water Resour Manag, vol.23, pp.1301-1323, 2009.

M. Wooldridge, Multiagent Systems A Modern Approach to Distributed Modern cxxxvii Approach to Artificial Intelligence, ESC Proceedings Series, 1996.

N. Wu and E. A. Silva, Artificial intelligence solutions for urban land dynamics: A review, J. Plan. Lit, vol.24, pp.246-265, 2010.

Z. Wu and J. Xu, A consistency and consensus based decision support model for group decision making with multiplicative preference relations, vol.52, pp.757-767, 2012.

J. Xu, Y. Gao, and G. Madey, A docking experiment: Swarm and repast for social network modeling, Seventh Annual Swarm Researchers Meeting, pp.1-9, 2003.

Q. Yang, G. Li, T. Cai, and Q. Wang, Underground Intelligent Logistic System Integrated with Internet of Things, IDCS: International Conference on Internet and Distributed Computing Systems, pp.298-302, 2018.

G. S. Yovanof and G. N. Hazapis, An architectural framework and enabling wireless technologies for digital cities & intelligent urban environments, Wirel. Pers. Commun, vol.49, pp.445-463, 2009.

L. Zelentsov and L. Mailyan, Creation of intelligent management systems in construction, MATEC Web Conf. 106, 08051, 2017.

J. Zetlaoui-léger, Les cahiers de la recherche architecturale et urbaine, N° 24/25, Décembre 2 : La critique en temps et lieux. Les Cahier, 2009.

G. Zhang, Y. Dong, and Y. Xu, Consistency and consensus measures for linguistic preference relations based on distribution assessments, Inf. Fusion, vol.17, pp.46-55, 2014.

I. Zyrianoff, F. Borelli, G. Biondi, A. Heideker, and C. Kamienski, Scalability of Real-Time IoT-based Applications for Smart Cities, 2018 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications (ISCC). IEEE, Natal, Brazil, pp.688-693, 2018.

, LMatrixP= cell(1,m)

A. ,

, Maxdeviation=zeros(1,m)

, Mindeviation=zeros(1,m)

, for i=1:m LMatrixP{1,i}=lamda(1,i)*MatrixP{1,i}

, AveragePC=AveragePC+ LMatrixP{1,i}

, LInputMatrix= cell(1,m)

A. ,

, for i=1:m LInputMatrix{1,i}=lamda(1,i)*InputMatrix{1,i}

, AverageInputMatrix=AverageInputMatrix+ LInputMatrix{1,i}

, PP=cell(1,m)

, for i=1:m PP{1,i}=MatrixP{1,i}-AveragePC

, Maxdeviation(1,i)=max(PP{1,i}(:))

, Mindeviation(1,i)=min(PP{1,i}(:))

, Compared_value= deviation

. Matrix_changed_people=,

, for i=1:m People=i

, People

I. Matrixinput=pp{1,

I. Matrixpi=inputmatrix{1,

. Matrix_changed_people=,