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Approche multimodale de l’analyse du discours politique : l’exemple des Liberal Democrats

Abstract : All utterances are comprised of a message, be it explicit or implicit, which highlights the objectives of a speaker and steers the receiver of the message towards a response or an interpretation intended by the speaker. In the case of political discourse, what a politician says is intended to bring the interlocutor and the spectator on side. The language used is therefore often persuasive in tone. Studies show that communication is not limited to verbal communication. They throw the spotlight on to the role of cognition in communication. A formalist approach does not take the psychological dimension of communication into account, while a psychological approach does not account for cognition, as it does not consider communication within a sufficiently linguistic format. The framework that we have chosen puts cognition within a conceptual approach. Consequently, not only do we address verbal communication, but we also analyse non-verbal communication. To what extent is the message transmitted through other channels? Our analysis then moves on to highlighting the paralinguistic dimension both in space and in time – gesture, gaze and posture. The rise to power of the Conservative Party in the United Kingdom in 2010 resulted in the first British coalition government since 1945. The inclusion of the Liberal Democrats – an opposition party – gave rise to a number of debates about the feasibility of a coalition in the face of significant ideological differences. It is thus vital to analyse the political context in relation to the style of the discourse. To what extent are the linguistic and paralinguistic phenomena intentional or unintentional? To what extent is there consistency between the different phenomena that we can observe? A multimodal approach enables us to show the link between semantics, lexis and grammar in order to measure the relevance of the discourse. Several theories in cognitive linguistics and Critical Discourse Analysis have formed the framework of our conceptual framework, in particular the cognitive theory put forward by Leonard Talmy. This leads us to form an analysis of all the linguistic and paralinguistic elements according to the enunciative situation – speeches, interviews or debates.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-02890074
Contributor : Robert Butler <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 6, 2020 - 9:51:28 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 7, 2020 - 3:40:06 AM

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Robert Butler. Approche multimodale de l’analyse du discours politique : l’exemple des Liberal Democrats. Linguistique. Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour (UPPA), FRA., 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PAUU1048⟩. ⟨tel-02890074⟩

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