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Theses

Constant mean curvature surfaces into homogeneous manifolds

Abstract : The goal of this thesis is to study constant mean curvature surfaces into homogeneous 3-manifolds with 4-dimensional isometry group. In the first part of this thesis, we study constant mean curvature surfaces in the product manifolds \mathbb{S}^2\times\mathbb{R} and \mathbb{H}^2\times\mathbb{R}. As a main result, we establish a local classification for constant mean curvature surfaces with constant intrinsic curvature in these spaces. In this classification, we present a new example of constant mean curvature surfaces with constant intrinsic curvature in \mathbb{H}^2\times\mathbb{R}. As a consequence, we use the sister surface correspondence to classify the constant mean curvature surfaces with constant intrinsic curvature in the others homogeneous 3-manifolds with 4-dimensional isometry group, and then new examples with these conditions arise in \widetilde{\mathrm{PSL}}_{2}(\mathbb{R}). We devote the second part of this thesis to study minimal surfaces in \mathbb{S}^2\times\mathbb{R}. For this, we define a new Gauss map for surfaces in this space using the model of \mathbb{S}^2\times\mathbb{R} isometric to \mathbb{R}^3\setminus\{0\}, endowed with a metric conformally equivalent to the Euclidean metric of \mathbb{R}^3. As a main result, we prove that any two minimal conformal immersions in \mathbb{S}^2\times\mathbb{R} with the same non-constant Gauss map differ by only two types of ambient isometries. Moreover, if the Gauss map is a singular, we show that it is necessarily constant and then the surface is a vertical cylinder over a geodesic of \mathbb{S}^2 in \mathbb{S}^2\times\mathbb{R}. We also study some particular cases, among them we also prove that there is no minimal conformal immersion into \mathbb{S}^2\times\mathbb{R} with anti-holomorphic non-constant Gauss map.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-02942035
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 17, 2020 - 3:11:26 PM
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Iury Rafael Domingos de Oliveira. Constant mean curvature surfaces into homogeneous manifolds. Mathematics [math]. Université de Lorraine; Universidade Federal de Alagoas, 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0057⟩. ⟨tel-02942035⟩

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