Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

FeNi metal condensation and evolution in the Early Solar System : a study of germanium isotopes and siderophile elements in Ordinary and Bencubbinite primitive chondrites

Abstract : The formation and subsequent chemical evolution of FeNi metal phases is critical for understanding the development of the early Solar System. Despite numerous studies on metal phases in chondrites, the effect of metal condensation at moderate temperatures, as well as of metal heating and oxidation in nebular and protoplanetary environment, is still under debate. By using a combined approach of germanium isotopic quantification and siderophile in–situ measurements in bulk and separated phases of Bencubbinites carbonaceous chondrites (CB) and ordinary chondrites, this thesis aims to provide new constraints on: (1) the formation of metal via condensation and metallic precursors melting and (2) the processes that can account for the elemental and isotopic difference between the H, L and LL chondrites and metal evolution with metamorphism. The results show that the two groups of CB are distinguishable using δ74/70Gebulk, providing insights into kinetic and equilibrium condensation processes. Variations in δ74/70Ge during metal condensation are shown to be the result of evaporation / recondensation processes that are not recorded by major or refractory elements. A large variation in siderophile element content in the metal of H primitive ordinary chondrites has been identified, as well as a positive Δ74/70Gemetal–silicates. This suggests local oxidation state variation and metal–silicate interactions during heating event(s) in the disk. The thesis also highlights that the H, L and LL groups are resolvable with δ74/70Ge of bulk and metal. These variations are positively correlated with Δ17O and %Fa across the ordinary chondrites sequence and suggests the accretion of an increasing proportion of oxidising components with a high δ74/70Ge and Δ17O composition from H to L to LL groups. Because the oxidising component contains Ge it suggests that it cannot be ice or water but more likely a silicate phase. These conclusions highlight the high potential of germanium isotopes to record processes leading to metal formation and evolution.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [359 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-02964571
Contributor : Thèses Ul <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 12, 2020 - 3:16:00 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:25:28 AM

File

DDOC_T_2020_0084_FLORIN.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-02964571, version 1

Citation

Guillaume Florin. FeNi metal condensation and evolution in the Early Solar System : a study of germanium isotopes and siderophile elements in Ordinary and Bencubbinite primitive chondrites. Earth Sciences. Université de Lorraine; Macquarie university (Sydney, Australie), 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0084⟩. ⟨tel-02964571⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

45

Files downloads

15