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La loi applicable à la responsabilité du fait des produits

Abstract : Determining the applicable law to products liability requires to resolve the complex issue of the appropriate connection. In France, where The Hague Convention of 2 October 1973 has been into force for forty years, the question of the appropriate bilateral connection is more acute with the introduction of the article 5 of the Rome II Regulation. Would this not be a good opportunity to further the debate about the appropriate connection for products liability? Is this new connection more relevant than the Convention’s one? Is the introduction in the French legal landscape of a new bilateral choice-of-law rule for products liability not an invitation to ask whether a specific connection for products liability is needed? Is the lex loci delicti rule not enough when it comes to a damage caused by a product? Besides, when compared with the United States model, one could even subversively argue whether to set general choice-of-law principles so to let the juge resolving the conflict of laws issue on a case-by-case basis. Undoubtedly, since the introduction of the article 5 of the Rome II Regulation within the French legal landscape the research of the appropriate connection is to be led again. But identifying the appropriate connection is not enough to determine the law to products liability. Assuming that such a connection is identified, could it be easily applied before a French judge? Would it not be in competition with the transposing acts of the 1985 Directive as overriding mandatory provisions? Would its application not interfere with the free movement of goods within the European Union? How could it be applied in the context of an existing conflict before the French judge between the Hague Convention of 2 October 1973 and the article 5 of the Rome II Regulation? Would this connection be compatible with the collective nature of the French class action? As we can see, determining in an appropriate manner the applicable law to products liability before the French judge requires not only to settle the renewed debate of the appropriate connection but also to face new challenges concerning the application of the connection.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 10, 2020 - 2:58:22 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 7, 2021 - 2:46:14 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03052151, version 1


Constantin Ringot. La loi applicable à la responsabilité du fait des produits. Droit. Université de Lorraine, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0125⟩. ⟨tel-03052151⟩



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