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La fabrication de l’histoire : la seconde guerre sino-japonaise au cinéma sous Mao Zedong, 1949-1966

Abstract : The staging of the Second Sino-Japanese War represents a delicate issue in China, since this war marks a turning point in the interplay of political powers within the country, contributing to the seizure of power by the Chinese Communist Party in 1949. The subject of this work is the study of Chinese films reconstructing the history of the Second Sino-Japanese War from 1949 to 1966. The understanding of this issue first involves the analysis of political interference in cinema and the reaction of professionals. Then, the study addresses more specifically the creations as such, the messages of propaganda films about war and the ways in which cinema then makes use of war. Two methodologies are applied to achieve this. Firstly, the socio-political analysis focuses on the exploration of the political, ideological and social context related to the production of Chinese cinema (1949-1966). With the introduction of Foucault’s theory of discourse in the analysis of political texts and the primary sources of articles by film professionals, we shed light on the order of cinematic discourse established in the “Talks at the Yan’an Conference on Literature and Art” written by Mao Zedong. We also highlight the confrontation and conflict between the film world and the Party leadership during this period. Secondly, film analysis allows us to understand interpretations and censorship, and to examine the evolution of cinematic discourse. Our study focuses on the decoding of the anti-Japanese war film as a complex artistic product combining image, dialogue and sound, with the aim of uncovering the political and cultural interpretations of the staging of the war. We also reveal the concrete aspects that characterise the political influence and hindrance on the image of the body in anti-Japanese war films and their evolution under Mao.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 18, 2021 - 3:10:10 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03145638, version 1


Miao Chi. La fabrication de l’histoire : la seconde guerre sino-japonaise au cinéma sous Mao Zedong, 1949-1966. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université de Lorraine, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0208⟩. ⟨tel-03145638⟩



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